The Niquelandia complex is a Neoproterozoic mafic-ultramafic intrusion resulting from fractional crystallization of primary picriticbasalt intrusions. It consists of two layered sequences: a lower and larger one (LS), where four stratigraphic units exhibit an upward decrease of ultramafic layers and increase of gabbroic layers; an upper, smaller sequence (US), separated from LS by a high-temperature shear zone and consisting of two stratigraphic units (gabbros + anorthosites and amphibolites). Nd and Sr isotopic analyses and rare earth element (REE) profiles provide evidence that the complex suffered important crustal contamination. The LS isotopic array trends from a DM region with positive epsilon Nd and moderately positive epsilon Sr towards a field occupied by crustal xenoliths, especially abundant in the upper LS (negative epsilon Nd and large, positive epsilon Sr). Each LS stratigraphic unit is distinct from the next underlying unit, showing lower epsilon Nd and higher epsilon Sr, suggesting inputs of fresh magma and mixing with the contaminated, residual magma. The US is characterised by a relatively high variation of epsilon Nd and constant epsilon Sr. REE patterns vary within each unit from LREE depleted to LREE enriched in the samples having lower epsilon Nd and higher epsilon Sr. The contamination process has been modelled by using the EC-AFC algorithms from [Spera, F.J., Bohrson, W.A., 2001. Energy-constrained open-system magmatic processes I: general model and energy-constrained assimilation and fractional crystallization (EC-AFC) formulation. J. Petrology 42, 999–1018]. The differences between the LS and US isotopic arrays are consistent with contamination by the same crustal component, provided that its melting degree was higher in LS than in US. The different degrees of anatexis are explained by the heat budget released from the magma, higher in LS (because of its larger mass) thanin US. Comparison of the correlations between isotopes and incompatible trace element ratios of the models and of the gabbros shows some differences, which are demonstrably related with the variable amount of cumulus phases and trapped melt in the gabbros.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Titolo:||Sr-Nd isotopic evidence for crustal contamination in the Niquelândia Complex, Goiás, Central Brazil.|
|Autore/i:||Rivalenti G; Correia CT; Girardi VAV; Mazzucchelli M; Tassinari CCG; Bertotto GW|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jsames.2007.08.007|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000255921500003|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-41549114590|
|Citazione:||Sr-Nd isotopic evidence for crustal contamination in the Niquelândia Complex, Goiás, Central Brazil. / Rivalenti G; Correia CT; Girardi VAV; Mazzucchelli M; Tassinari CCG; Bertotto GW. - In: JOURNAL OF SOUTH AMERICAN EARTH SCIENCES. - ISSN 0895-9811. - STAMPA. - 25(2008), pp. 298-312.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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