The effects of temperature on demographic characteristics of two populations from Ravenna and Genoa of the polychaete Dinophilus gyrociliatus were investigated. Temperature affects age-specific survival and fecundity and all the demographic parameters often to a different degree in the two populations. Individuals from Ravenna survive longer than those from Genoa. The most evident differences in the age-specific fecundity curves of the experimental groups are related to age at maturity and the duration of the reproductive period that are in inverse proportion to temperature. In both populations of D. gyrociliatus, the maximum daily fecundity is observed at intermediate temperatures. In all cases, the Genoa females mature earlier, attain their maximum fecundity more quickly and have a shorter reproductive period than their Ravenna counterparts. Age at maturity, fecundity during the first reproductive events and juvenile survival are by far the most important characteristics in determining the fitness of the two populations at the tested temperatures. Even though the greatest net growth rates and highest expectation of life were recorded at 12 degreesC in the Ravenna population, the delay in the attainment of sexual maturity means that, at this temperature, the population growth rate is lowest. The higher juvenile survivorship and the greater fecundity observed at 24 degreesC is counter-balanced by the early attainment of sexual maturity induced at 30 degreesC. The comparison of the population growth rate calculated in laboratory with field data suggests that temperature is one of the main environmental parameters determining the fitness of D. gyrociliatus. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Titolo:||Effects of temperature on two Mediterranean populations of Dinophilus gyrociliatus (Polychaeta : Dinophilidae) II. Effects on demographic parameters|
|Autori:||R. Simonini; D. Prevedelli|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0022-0981(03)00100-X|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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