Gastrotrichs are meiobenthic invertebrates of obscure origin and unclear phylogenetic alliances. Uncertainties also plague the intra-group relationship with major contrasts between the evolutionary scenarios inferred from morphology or molecules. In this study we analysed partial sequences of the 18S rDNA gene of 18 taxa (14 new and 4 published) to test morphological estimates of gastrotrich phylogeny and to verify whether controversial interrelationships from previous molecular data are due to poor sampling. Data were analysed using both maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood. MP topology was then forced to reflect published morphological estimates and the most parsimonious solutions from each constraint analysis was statistically compared against the unconstrained Solution. MP analysis yielded a single tree with few nodes well supported by bootstrap resampling These included the monophyly of the Chaetonotidae and the internal relationships of the members of this family, with Aspidiophorus appearing as the most basal member. The monophyly of the Turbanellidae was also well supported with some suggestion that its sister group might be Mesodasys. Lepidodasyidae was found to be an unnatural taxon with Lepidodasys forming a separated clade but unrelated also to the Thaumastodermatidae. With the exception of genera Lepidodasys and Neodasys, the Macrodasyida appeared to be resolved separately from the Chaetonotida, and Dactylopodola was resolved as the most basal macrodasyid. ML analysis yielded a tree not too dissimilar from MP, although Doctylopodola and Xenodasys were resolved as a clade. Statistics indicate that the Output from Our MP analysis is compatible with the classical view placing representatives of the two orders within two distinct evolutionary lines. Most of the constrained solutions, except the shortest, corroborate the monophyly of the two orders. whereas all five constrained solutions support also the notion that sees Neodasys as an early divergent clade along the Chaetonotida branch. Thus, results are generally compatible with the hypothesised evolutionary scenario based on morphological data, but are in contrast with previous findings from molecules. Future research should consider using the complete SSU rDNA gene sequence in their analysis and additional genes for deeper resolution.

The interrelationships of the Gastrotricha using nuclear small rRNA subunit sequence data, with an interpretation based on morphology / Todaro, Mary Antonio Donatello; Littlewood, D. T. J.; Balsamo, M.; Herniou, E. A.; Cassanelli, Stefano; Manicardi, Gian Carlo; Wirz, A.; Tongiorgi, Paolo. - In: ZOOLOGISCHER ANZEIGER. - ISSN 0044-5231. - STAMPA. - 242:(2003), pp. 145-156.

The interrelationships of the Gastrotricha using nuclear small rRNA subunit sequence data, with an interpretation based on morphology

TODARO, Mary Antonio Donatello;CASSANELLI, Stefano;MANICARDI, Gian Carlo;TONGIORGI, Paolo
2003-01-01

Abstract

Gastrotrichs are meiobenthic invertebrates of obscure origin and unclear phylogenetic alliances. Uncertainties also plague the intra-group relationship with major contrasts between the evolutionary scenarios inferred from morphology or molecules. In this study we analysed partial sequences of the 18S rDNA gene of 18 taxa (14 new and 4 published) to test morphological estimates of gastrotrich phylogeny and to verify whether controversial interrelationships from previous molecular data are due to poor sampling. Data were analysed using both maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood. MP topology was then forced to reflect published morphological estimates and the most parsimonious solutions from each constraint analysis was statistically compared against the unconstrained Solution. MP analysis yielded a single tree with few nodes well supported by bootstrap resampling These included the monophyly of the Chaetonotidae and the internal relationships of the members of this family, with Aspidiophorus appearing as the most basal member. The monophyly of the Turbanellidae was also well supported with some suggestion that its sister group might be Mesodasys. Lepidodasyidae was found to be an unnatural taxon with Lepidodasys forming a separated clade but unrelated also to the Thaumastodermatidae. With the exception of genera Lepidodasys and Neodasys, the Macrodasyida appeared to be resolved separately from the Chaetonotida, and Dactylopodola was resolved as the most basal macrodasyid. ML analysis yielded a tree not too dissimilar from MP, although Doctylopodola and Xenodasys were resolved as a clade. Statistics indicate that the Output from Our MP analysis is compatible with the classical view placing representatives of the two orders within two distinct evolutionary lines. Most of the constrained solutions, except the shortest, corroborate the monophyly of the two orders. whereas all five constrained solutions support also the notion that sees Neodasys as an early divergent clade along the Chaetonotida branch. Thus, results are generally compatible with the hypothesised evolutionary scenario based on morphological data, but are in contrast with previous findings from molecules. Future research should consider using the complete SSU rDNA gene sequence in their analysis and additional genes for deeper resolution.
242
145
156
The interrelationships of the Gastrotricha using nuclear small rRNA subunit sequence data, with an interpretation based on morphology / Todaro, Mary Antonio Donatello; Littlewood, D. T. J.; Balsamo, M.; Herniou, E. A.; Cassanelli, Stefano; Manicardi, Gian Carlo; Wirz, A.; Tongiorgi, Paolo. - In: ZOOLOGISCHER ANZEIGER. - ISSN 0044-5231. - STAMPA. - 242:(2003), pp. 145-156.
Todaro, Mary Antonio Donatello; Littlewood, D. T. J.; Balsamo, M.; Herniou, E. A.; Cassanelli, Stefano; Manicardi, Gian Carlo; Wirz, A.; Tongiorgi, Paolo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/307903
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