Microautoradiography has been largely used to characterize the proliferative activity of colorectal mucosa. We used this technique in a large series of patients with polyps or cancer of the large bowel and in normal controls with the following objectives: (a) to define the normal pattern of cell replication in different tracts of the large bowel; (b) to compare the proliferative activity of colonic crypts in patients with colorectal cancer or polyps with that of controls; (c) to evaluate replicative activity of colorectal mucosa in the close vicinity and at distance from a neoplastic mass. Specimens of colorectal mucosa were taken during endoscopy (controls and polyps) or at surgery (cancer). During histological examination each intestinal hemicrypt was divided into five equal longitudinal compartments from the base to the surface and the labeled cells in each compartment were counted. In controls, total labeling index (ratio of labeled to total cells) and labeling index per crypt compartment showed only minor differences between the various large bowel tracts. Total labeling index tended to be higher in patients with polyps or cancer than in controls (13.5 +/- 0.4 and 12.5 +/- 0.4, respectively, versus 11.3 +/- 0.5). Labeling index per crypt compartment in the most superficial portions of the crypt (compartments 3 to 5) was significantly higher in the two groups of patients with tumors than in controls. This was particularly evident in the fifth compartment (the most superficial), in which labeled cells were observed in 15.8% (three subjects out of 19) of controls but in 71% (15 out of 21) and 87.5% (14 out of 16) of polyp and cancer patients, respectively. In patients with colorectal cancer there were not significant differences of cell proliferation between mucosal samples taken at various distances from the tumor margin; however, increased cell replication, especially in the most superficial portions of the crypt, has been observed. In conclusion, a significant upwards expansion of the proliferative zone of intestinal glands has been observed in patients with either polyps or cancer of the large bowel. In particular, labeling of the fifth compartment seems to possess the highest discriminatory power between subjects with or without intestinal neoplasms. Hyperproliferation of the entire colonic mucosa seems to be a common feature in patients with colorectal cancer.

Pattern of epithelial cell proliferation in colorectal mucosa of normal subjects and of patients with adenomatous polyps or cancer of the large bowel / PONZ DE LEON, Maurizio; Roncucci, Luca; Di Donato, P; Tassi, L; Smerieri, A; Amorico, Mg; Manenti, A; Biasco, G; Barbara, L.. - In: CANCER RESEARCH. - ISSN 0008-5472. - STAMPA. - 48:(1988), pp. 4121-4126.

Pattern of epithelial cell proliferation in colorectal mucosa of normal subjects and of patients with adenomatous polyps or cancer of the large bowel.

PONZ DE LEON, Maurizio;RONCUCCI, Luca;Manenti A;
1988

Abstract

Microautoradiography has been largely used to characterize the proliferative activity of colorectal mucosa. We used this technique in a large series of patients with polyps or cancer of the large bowel and in normal controls with the following objectives: (a) to define the normal pattern of cell replication in different tracts of the large bowel; (b) to compare the proliferative activity of colonic crypts in patients with colorectal cancer or polyps with that of controls; (c) to evaluate replicative activity of colorectal mucosa in the close vicinity and at distance from a neoplastic mass. Specimens of colorectal mucosa were taken during endoscopy (controls and polyps) or at surgery (cancer). During histological examination each intestinal hemicrypt was divided into five equal longitudinal compartments from the base to the surface and the labeled cells in each compartment were counted. In controls, total labeling index (ratio of labeled to total cells) and labeling index per crypt compartment showed only minor differences between the various large bowel tracts. Total labeling index tended to be higher in patients with polyps or cancer than in controls (13.5 +/- 0.4 and 12.5 +/- 0.4, respectively, versus 11.3 +/- 0.5). Labeling index per crypt compartment in the most superficial portions of the crypt (compartments 3 to 5) was significantly higher in the two groups of patients with tumors than in controls. This was particularly evident in the fifth compartment (the most superficial), in which labeled cells were observed in 15.8% (three subjects out of 19) of controls but in 71% (15 out of 21) and 87.5% (14 out of 16) of polyp and cancer patients, respectively. In patients with colorectal cancer there were not significant differences of cell proliferation between mucosal samples taken at various distances from the tumor margin; however, increased cell replication, especially in the most superficial portions of the crypt, has been observed. In conclusion, a significant upwards expansion of the proliferative zone of intestinal glands has been observed in patients with either polyps or cancer of the large bowel. In particular, labeling of the fifth compartment seems to possess the highest discriminatory power between subjects with or without intestinal neoplasms. Hyperproliferation of the entire colonic mucosa seems to be a common feature in patients with colorectal cancer.
48
4121
4126
Pattern of epithelial cell proliferation in colorectal mucosa of normal subjects and of patients with adenomatous polyps or cancer of the large bowel / PONZ DE LEON, Maurizio; Roncucci, Luca; Di Donato, P; Tassi, L; Smerieri, A; Amorico, Mg; Manenti, A; Biasco, G; Barbara, L.. - In: CANCER RESEARCH. - ISSN 0008-5472. - STAMPA. - 48:(1988), pp. 4121-4126.
PONZ DE LEON, Maurizio; Roncucci, Luca; Di Donato, P; Tassi, L; Smerieri, A; Amorico, Mg; Manenti, A; Biasco, G; Barbara, L.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Ponz de Leon Cancer Res 1988.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Post-print dell'autore (bozza post referaggio)
Dimensione 1.29 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.29 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/307828
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 38
  • Scopus 170
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 178
social impact