Hypotension is one of the major complications in patients undergoing haemodialysis (HD), that is well evident in patients defined as hypotension-prone. The mechanisms underlying the hypotensive episodes are not known. We carried out a clinical study on hypotension-prone HD patients to test the existence of a dysregulation in the nitric oxide (NO) generating pathway. Since asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous compound which regulates NO synthesis, we measured its variation in plasma of stable-HD and hypotension-prone patients before, during, and at the end of HD. Before HD, the hypotension-prone patients have higher ADMA levels than stable-HD patients. The HD procedure significantly removes ADMA from plasma of stable-HD patients, while in the hypotension-prone ADMA levels are unchanged at the end of the HD. Moreover, in the hypotension-prone patients, during the hypotensive episode, a dramatic drop of ADMA levels is observed, followed by a rapid increase at the end of the HD. The symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA), which has no effect on NO synthesis, is also high in plasma of both groups of HD patients compared to normal subjects, and in both groups its levels at the end of HD are significantly reduced. The hypotension-prone patients have basal TNF-alpha levels lower than the stable-HD groups, that significantly increase during the hypotensive episode. On the basis of these findings, we suggest that the hypotensive syndrome could be related to a dysregulation between ADMA metabolism and clearance due both to cytokines release and to an extremely fast ADMA clearance during HD, leading to an increase in NO blood levels.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Titolo:||Relationship of asymmetric dimethylarginine to haemodialysis hypotension|
|Autori:||S. Bergamini; L. Vandelli; E. Bellei; C. Rota; P. Manfredini; A. Tomasi; A. Albertazzi; A. Iannone|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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