OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ex vivo platelet aggregation in response to a substrate (L-arginine [L-Arg]) and a donor (sodium nitroprusside [SN]) of nitric oxide (NO) in nonpregnant women and in normotensive pregnancies. METHODS: Platelet aggregation was studied with a dual-channel aggregometer and expressed as a percentage of light transmission. Measurements were done at baseline and after preincubation with scalar doses of L-Arg and SN. The intraplatelet L-citrulline (L-Cit) levels were measured by high-performance liquid chromotography (HPLC). RESULTS: In both groups, the baseline aggregation values were similar for adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and collagen stimuli. Wilcoxon tank-sum testing demonstrated that in both groups the addition of L-Arg had a significant effect on aggregation: Doses of 50 to 5000 mu mol decreased ADP-induced aggregation. Conversely, collagen-induced aggregation was affected only by the highest dose of L-Arg. Sodium nitroprusside administered in doses of 2.5 to 250.0 nmol decreased ADP- and collagen-induced platelet aggregation equally. ADP-induced aggregation values obtained after (SN) incubation were positively correlated with gestational age. Intraplatelet L-Cit levels showed a significant rise after the incubation with L-Arg, and this effect was negatively correlated with gestational age. CONCLUSION: The L-Arg-NO system regulates platelet aggregation during pregnancy. Moreover, a physiologic reduction of platelet sensitivity to the antithrombotic effect of NO occurs. (J Soc Gynecol Invest 1998; 5:192-196). Copyright (C) 1998 by the Society for Gynecologic Investigation.
The L-arginine-nitric oxide system regulates platelet aggregation in pregnancy / Neri, Isabella; M., Marietta; F., Piccinini; Volpe, Annibale; Facchinetti, Fabio. - In: JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY FOR GYNECOLOGIC INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 1071-5576. - STAMPA. - 5:(1998), pp. 192-196.