With the aim of studying the magnetic properties of reduced-dimensionality magnetic systems we have patterned 250 nm- and 500 nm-size square elements on Fe/NiO layers by 30 keV Ga+ focused ion beam (FIB) milling, varying beam current and pixel dwell time. By high resolution scanning electron microscope (SEM) imaging and atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis we found that island size decreases from the nominal value by increasing the beam current and features sharpness improves on increasing the dwell time. The top surface of the isolated features has a pronounced edge bending which may be as high as 9 nm with respect to the flat inner area of the island and decreases as dwell time grows. By varying the ion fluence we found that such a shape is related to a surface swelling effect occurring at low ion fluence in the irradiated areas. The swelling-related damage at the edges is expected to influence the magnetic properties of the patterned features.

Submicron-scale patterns on ferromagnetic–antiferromagnetic Fe/NiO layers by focused ion beam (FIB) milling / G. C., Gazzadi; P., Luches; Contri, Sara Federica; A., di Bona; Valeri, Sergio. - In: NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH. SECTION B, BEAM INTERACTIONS WITH MATERIALS AND ATOMS. - ISSN 0168-583X. - STAMPA. - 230:(2005), pp. 512-517.

Submicron-scale patterns on ferromagnetic–antiferromagnetic Fe/NiO layers by focused ion beam (FIB) milling

CONTRI, Sara Federica;VALERI, Sergio
2005

Abstract

With the aim of studying the magnetic properties of reduced-dimensionality magnetic systems we have patterned 250 nm- and 500 nm-size square elements on Fe/NiO layers by 30 keV Ga+ focused ion beam (FIB) milling, varying beam current and pixel dwell time. By high resolution scanning electron microscope (SEM) imaging and atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis we found that island size decreases from the nominal value by increasing the beam current and features sharpness improves on increasing the dwell time. The top surface of the isolated features has a pronounced edge bending which may be as high as 9 nm with respect to the flat inner area of the island and decreases as dwell time grows. By varying the ion fluence we found that such a shape is related to a surface swelling effect occurring at low ion fluence in the irradiated areas. The swelling-related damage at the edges is expected to influence the magnetic properties of the patterned features.
230
512
517
Submicron-scale patterns on ferromagnetic–antiferromagnetic Fe/NiO layers by focused ion beam (FIB) milling / G. C., Gazzadi; P., Luches; Contri, Sara Federica; A., di Bona; Valeri, Sergio. - In: NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH. SECTION B, BEAM INTERACTIONS WITH MATERIALS AND ATOMS. - ISSN 0168-583X. - STAMPA. - 230:(2005), pp. 512-517.
G. C., Gazzadi; P., Luches; Contri, Sara Federica; A., di Bona; Valeri, Sergio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/307203
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