The separation of sulfated glycosaminoglycans in mixtures by agarose-gel electrophoresis and the recovery of single polysaccharide bands has been applied to the characterization of polysaccharides extracted from tissues without previous purification of single species. Sulfated glycosaminoglycans, heparin with its two components, slow-moving and fast-moving, heparan sulfate, dermatan sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate, were separated to microgram level by conventional agarose-gel electrophoresis. After their separation, they were fixed in the agarose-gel matrix by precipitation in a cetyltrimethylammonium bromide solution, making them visible on a dark background. After recovery of gel containing the fixed bands, high temperatures (90 degrees C for 15 min) were necessary to dissolve the gel matrix, and a solution of NaCl (3 M) was used to release sulfated polysaccharides from the complex with cetyltrimethylammonium. After precipitation of glycosaminoglycans in the presence of ethanol, the recovery of slow-moving heparin, fast-moving heparin, heparan sulfate, dermatan sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate was from 1 to 10 mu g with a percentage greater than 45% and a purity above 90%. Sulfated glycosaminoglycans in mixtures recovered from gel matrix as single species were evaluated for purity and characterized for unsaturated disaccharides after treatment with bacterial lyases (heparinases for heparin and heparan sulfate samples, and chondroitinases for dermatan sulfate and chondroitin sulfate) and molecular mass. Bovine lung and heart Glycosaminoglycans were extracted and separated into single species by agarose-gel electrophoresis and recovered from gel matrix after treatment in cetyltrimethylammonium solution. Unsaturated disaccharides pattern, the sulfate to carboxyl ratio, and the molecular mass of each single polysaccharide species were determined.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Titolo:||Disaccharide analysis and molecular mass determination to microgram level of single sulfated glycosaminoglycan species in mixtures following agarose-gel electrophoresis|
|Autori interni:||VOLPI, Nicola|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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