The interactions between the collembolan Mesaphorura krausbaueri and four soilborne plant pathogenic fungi all living in the same layer of agricultural soil were studied under laboratory conditions. Mycelia of Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici, Fusarium culmorum and Rhizoctonia cerealis were palatable to Collembola and were a food source adequate for reproduction. Hyphae of Bipolaris sorokiniana were toxic and repellent for M. krausbaueri, but its conidia were eaten and proved to be a sufficient diet for reproduction. The four fungi fed had a different impact on the life processes of M. krausbaueri. Depending on the species of fungus, the animals produced significantly different numbers of eggs and had different life spans. In particular, animals fed with G. graminis var. tritici showed early maturation, early burst in egg production, early loss of fertility and early death. The different nutritional values of the four fungi pathogen for cereals might have a different influence on the life strategy of Collembola in the field. Thus, since these fungi usually coexist in agricultural soils, though in different percentages, this influence might also affect the capacity of different fungi to attack the plant and thus modulate the appearance of disease.

Functional relationships between Collembola and plant pathogenic fungi of agricultural soils / Sabatini, Maria Agnese; G., Innocenti. - In: PEDOBIOLOGIA. - ISSN 0031-4056. - STAMPA. - 44(2000), pp. 467-475.

Functional relationships between Collembola and plant pathogenic fungi of agricultural soils

SABATINI, Maria Agnese;
2000

Abstract

The interactions between the collembolan Mesaphorura krausbaueri and four soilborne plant pathogenic fungi all living in the same layer of agricultural soil were studied under laboratory conditions. Mycelia of Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici, Fusarium culmorum and Rhizoctonia cerealis were palatable to Collembola and were a food source adequate for reproduction. Hyphae of Bipolaris sorokiniana were toxic and repellent for M. krausbaueri, but its conidia were eaten and proved to be a sufficient diet for reproduction. The four fungi fed had a different impact on the life processes of M. krausbaueri. Depending on the species of fungus, the animals produced significantly different numbers of eggs and had different life spans. In particular, animals fed with G. graminis var. tritici showed early maturation, early burst in egg production, early loss of fertility and early death. The different nutritional values of the four fungi pathogen for cereals might have a different influence on the life strategy of Collembola in the field. Thus, since these fungi usually coexist in agricultural soils, though in different percentages, this influence might also affect the capacity of different fungi to attack the plant and thus modulate the appearance of disease.
44
467
475
Functional relationships between Collembola and plant pathogenic fungi of agricultural soils / Sabatini, Maria Agnese; G., Innocenti. - In: PEDOBIOLOGIA. - ISSN 0031-4056. - STAMPA. - 44(2000), pp. 467-475.
Sabatini, Maria Agnese; G., Innocenti
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/307148
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