In mammals, the thymus is the primary central organ of the lymphoid system; after birth, it progressively diminishes in size, undergoing gradual atrophy. Physiological maturation and/or involution of the thymus may be accelerated by endogenous or exogenous factors. Exposure to extremely low frequency EMF seems to interfere with thymic cell death. Data suggest that, in the rat model, a prolonged exposure to 50 Hz electric and magnetic fields, independently from field strength, seems to affect thymic cell death and possibly thymic physiology, since alterations in the balance of cell death and other parameters such as mitoses might interfere with the positive and negative selection of thymocytes and with the immunosurveillance properties of the thymus.
Modulation of cell death in the rat thymus - Light and electron microscopic investigations / Quaglino, Daniela; M., Capri; Ronchetti, Ivonne. - In: ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. - ISSN 0077-8923. - STAMPA. - 926:(2000), pp. 79-82. [10.1111/j.1749-6632.2000.tb05600.x]