The expression of the asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGP-R) on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCG) cells might be exploited to reduce the extrahepatic toxicity of DNA synthesis inhibitors by their conjugation with galactosyl-terminating peptides. In the present study we first assessed the frequency of ASGP-R expression in 60 HCCs. Secondly, we investigated whether the receptor was maintained on the plasma membranes of DNA synthesizing cancer cells. Needle biopsies of HCC were evaluated. Diagnosis and grading of HCC were performed on routine haematoxylin and eosin-stained-sections according to Edmondson and Steiner (1953). Thirty-five tumours were grade I and II and were classified as well differentiated, while 25 tumors were grade III and IV and were classified as poorly differentiated. Sections from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples were incubated, after antigen retrieval,with an anti-ASGP-R monoclonal antibody revealed by secondary biotinylated antibody and streptavidin-biotin-peroxidase-diaminobenzidine reaction. A clear immunolabelling of plasma membranes of HCG cells was observed in 28 out of 35 (80%) well differentiated (grade I and II) and in five out of 25 (20%) poorly differentiated (grade III and IV) HCGs. The presence of the ASGP-R on the surface of DNA synthesizing cancer cells was also investigated after in vitro bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labelling of HCC samples by immunohistochemical visualization of both the ASGP-R and incorporated BrdU on the same section. The results obtained clearly demonstrated that DNA synthesizing cancer cells expressed the ASGP-R on their surface. The presence of ASGP-R on cell plasma membrane in the majority of differentiated HCCs and its maintenance on proliferating cells encourages studies in order to restrict the action of the inhibitors of DNA synthesis of HCC cells by their conjugation with galactosyl-terminating carriers internalized through this receptor.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Titolo:||The asialoglycoprotein receptor in human hepatocellular carcinomas: its expression on proliferating cells|
|Autori:||D. Trere; L. Fiume; L.B. De Giorgi; G. Di Stefano; M. Migaldi; M. Derenzini|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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