The short-term effects on soil microarthropods of the herbicide triasulfuron, belonging to the chemical class of sulfonylureas, were evaluated in two fields which had never been treated with sulfonylureas, and were cultivated with winter wheat. In particular, the effects of single applications at rates corresponding to two- (rate 2) and sixfold (rare 6) the recommended agricultural rare (7.5 g active ingredient ha(-1)) were analysed and compared with controls. The changes in the populations of the main groups of microarthropods were evaluated. Rate 2 had very low effects, whereas rate 6 produced a significant decrease in the number of microarthropods, Acarina and Collembola in the surface soil layer (0-7.5 cm). The Collembola were analysed at the species level. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences only for a few species, and only after treatment with the highest rate of triasulfuron. Finally, the results of the field tests were compared to those of laboratory tests carried out previously, which examined the effects of the same herbicide on a collembola species.
Effects of a sulfonylurea herbicide on soil microarthropods / Rebecchi, Lorena; Sabatini, Maria Agnese; C., Cappi; Grazioso, Pasqualina; A., Vicari; G., Dinelli; Bertolani, Roberto. - In: BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS. - ISSN 0178-2762. - STAMPA. - 30:(2000), pp. 312-317.