A field experiment to measure evaporation from a bare sandy soil, starting from saturation, has been carried out at the Lido beach of Venice during summer-autumn 1997. A large tank embedded in the sand of the Lido beach, was filled with the same sand. Time Domain Reflectometry (TDR) probes were buried at different depths in the tank to measure the soil water content. Water was then poured in the tank to reach saturation. The measurements were taken from June 26 up to the end of November. Water content was automatically measured at 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 35, 45 cm depths at two hours time steps. The temporal behaviour of the water content is characterised by successive drying intervals separated by precipitation events that sometimes were able to restore the water content almost to the initial (saturated) value. Furthermore a very small diurnal cycle is recognisable in the water content behaviour at all depths. All the levels show to be involved in evaporation, reducing their water content as the experiment goes on in spite of precipitation and decrease in solar radiation. Using soil water content profiles and precipitation, the water budget, that is the total water evaporated, is evaluated. The cumulative evaporation, computed on the whole soil column depth, shows a time behaviour that can be separated in two different stages. The first stage is well described by a linear function of time and corresponds to a daily mean evaporation of 4.6 mm. The second stage results are approximated by a square root of time. The analytical solution of the diffusion equation, found for the second drying stage using an initial condition derived from the experimental data, allows an estimation of the mean hydraulic diffusivity of the sand. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Titolo:||Field experiments to study evaporation from a saturated bare soil|
|Autori:||M. MENZIANI; S. PUGNAGHI; L. PILAN; R. SANTANGELO; S. VINCENZI|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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