This paper deals with the problem of modelling in a formal way the concept of excess profit. A common idea is that excess profit is an unequivocal concept, being the difference between profit and costs, where all types of costs are taken into account, included the opportunity cost, i.e. the profit the entrepreneur would obtain if she invested in another business. This paper aims at showing that this difference is not univocal and that different approaches may be followed to give voice to such a notion. It turns out that two different interpretations are possible. The one existing in the literature is well described by Preinreich (1938); Edwards and Bell (1961) and, more recently, in the financial literature, by Stewart (1991). The interpretation here provided gives rise to a different way of modelling the notion of excess profit. While the existing models are tied to the financial literature, the model here presented is more akin to a microeconomic perspective. The paper focuses on the formal relations among the various models and necessary and sufficient conditions are provided for the integration of all models in the systemic framework here adopted.

Modelling excess profit / Magni, Carlo Alberto. - In: ECONOMIC MODELLING. - ISSN 0264-9993. - STAMPA. - 21:3(2004), pp. 595-617. [10.1016/j.econmod.2003.09.008]

Modelling excess profit

MAGNI, Carlo Alberto
2004

Abstract

This paper deals with the problem of modelling in a formal way the concept of excess profit. A common idea is that excess profit is an unequivocal concept, being the difference between profit and costs, where all types of costs are taken into account, included the opportunity cost, i.e. the profit the entrepreneur would obtain if she invested in another business. This paper aims at showing that this difference is not univocal and that different approaches may be followed to give voice to such a notion. It turns out that two different interpretations are possible. The one existing in the literature is well described by Preinreich (1938); Edwards and Bell (1961) and, more recently, in the financial literature, by Stewart (1991). The interpretation here provided gives rise to a different way of modelling the notion of excess profit. While the existing models are tied to the financial literature, the model here presented is more akin to a microeconomic perspective. The paper focuses on the formal relations among the various models and necessary and sufficient conditions are provided for the integration of all models in the systemic framework here adopted.
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3
595
617
Modelling excess profit / Magni, Carlo Alberto. - In: ECONOMIC MODELLING. - ISSN 0264-9993. - STAMPA. - 21:3(2004), pp. 595-617. [10.1016/j.econmod.2003.09.008]
Magni, Carlo Alberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/306363
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