The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic factors at presentation and survival in Italian patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Clinical and demographic data of 176 patients consecutively observed from 1993 to 1997 were evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses. Overall median survival was 18 months. At univariate analysis, low albumin, high bilirubin, high alkaline phosphatase, high alpha-fetoprotein (AFP); high platelet count, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positivity, the presence of ascites, of encephalopathy, of portal vein thrombosis (PVT), male sex, no treatment, poor differentiation, untreatable tumours and incidental diagnosis were each associated with shorter survival. HBsAg-positive subjects more often presented with untreatable lesions or diffuse tumours (P = 0.001 and P = 0.007, respectively) and had significantly worse survival (P = 0.0057). By multiple regression analysis, low albumin, high bilirubin, abnormal AFP, presence of PVT and of untreatable lesions were independent risk factors for worse survival. Thus, the most important factors influencing survival are the degree of functional impairment of the liver, the presence of hepatitis B viral (HBV) infection, the type of diagnosis and the aggressiveness of the tumour. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Titolo:||Prognostic features and survival of hepatocellular carcinoma in Italy: impact of stage of disease|
|Autori:||R., Lerose; R., Molinari; Rocchi, Emilio; Manenti, Federico; Villa, Erica|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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