During a survey of the Italian marine meiofauna, several specimens of the rare gastrotrich genus Xenodasys were found in a submarine cave along the Ionian coast of Apulia. The finding represents the first record of the genus for the Mediterranean Sea and reinforces the consideration of marine caves as habitats of high naturalistic value. The specimens, analysed using different microscopy techniques, showed a new species, named Xenodasys eknomios. Scanning electron microscopy, unveiling the astonishing morphology of this unusual gastrotrich, indicates that, due to technical artefacts, light microscopy may generate unreal features, which in the past may have led to the misinterpretation of the anatomical traits of these creatures. Transmission electron microscopy indicated that the 'Seitenfusschen', are genuine elements of the adhesive apparatus, in contrast with previous investigation, which attributed an exclusive sensorial function to these organs. Confocal laser scanning microscopy, combined with actin-binding fluorochromes, revealed muscular elements in a region where originally the muscular chordoid organ was reported for gastrotrich species belonging to the genus Chordodasys. A taxonomic revision of the species currently allocated to the genus Xenodasys led to the establishment of Chordodasiopsis gen. nov to integrate awenizahis and to the draftling of emended diagnosis of the genus the former Xenodasys (=Chordodasys) antennatus and to the drafting of emended diagnosis of the genus Xenodasys. An overview of the high-rank Systematization of these genera is also provided, with the establishment of Xenodasyidae fam. Nov. to allocate both Xenodasys and Chordodasiopsis.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Titolo:||Morphology of Xenodasys (Gastrotricha): the first species from the Mediterranean Sea and the establishment of Chordodasiopsis gen. nov and Xenodasyidae fam. nov.|
|Autori:||TODARO M.A. ; GUIDI L. ; Leasi F. ;Tongiorgi P.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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