We have studied the death response induced by yessotoxin (YTX) in cultured HeLa cells, and have compared it to that triggered by okadaic acid (OA) in the same experimental system. Sub-nanomolar concentrations of YTX were found to induce HeLa cell death after a 48-96-h incubation. YTX caused loss of intact poly(ADP-ribose)-polymerase (PARP) in HeLa cells, and detection of the 85kDa fragment, which is indicative of proteolytic attack by caspases. Measurements of caspase activities using extracts prepared from YTX-treated cells and substrates of the caspase-3/7 and caspase-2 isoforms, showed that the relative proteolysis of caspase-3/7 substrate was about eight-fold higher than that of caspase-2, the levels of which were about twice those measured with extracts from control cells. These findings were matched by Western blot analyses of caspase-2, -3 and -7 in HeLa cell extracts, which showed that the levels of pro-caspase-2 were not greatly affected by YTX treatment, whereas pro-caspase-3 and -7 were activated in YTX-treated cells. Taken together, these data complement others previously obtained with OA, and support the notion that caspase isoforms involved in cell death induced by OA and YTX are cell- and toxin-specific. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Titolo:||Caspase activation and death induced by yessotoxin in HeLa cells|
|Autori:||C. Malaguti; P. Ciminiello; E. Fattorusso; GP Rossini|
|Autori interni:||ROSSINI, Gian Paolo|
|Rivista:||TOXICOLOGY IN VITRO|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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