The late appearance of a cytogenetic/molecular hallmark in human leukemias is a rare event. We report on a case of acute myeloid leukemia with morphology, immunophenotype and clinical features typical of promyelocytic subtype (APL), in which the specific PML/RAR alpha gene rearrangement was molecularly detected only at second relapse of disease, without cytogenetic evidence of the t(15;17). The emergence of the PML/RAR alpha gene may be therapy-related or may represent the exceptional result of a clonal evolution during progression of neoplasia. At second relapse, a novel cell clone bearing a t(12;13)(p13.2;q14) was also observed and a molecular deletion and rearrangement of a locus at 13q14, distinct from retinoblastoma (Rb1) locus, was found. In this unusual case, the PML/RAR alpha product seems to be not essential for the expression of the promyelocytic phenotype at diagnosis and, when detectable, it is not the sole genetic defect. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
Late-appearing PML/RAR alpha fusion transcript with coincidental t(12;13)(p13.2;q14) in acute promyelocytic leukemia lacking the t(15;17) cytogenetic anomaly / Temperani, Paola; Luppi, Mario; F., Giacobbi; V., Medici; M., Morselli; Barozzi, Patrizia; Marasca, Roberto; Torelli, Giuseppe; Emilia, Giovanni. - In: CANCER GENETICS AND CYTOGENETICS. - ISSN 0165-4608. - STAMPA. - 119:(2000), pp. 121-126.