The procorticotrophin-releasing hormone (proCRH) gene from the teleost Ameiurus nebulosus was cloned by direct and inverse PCR-based technologies and characterized. The structure of the proCRH gene shows the presence of four exons and three introns giving a total length of 1416 bp. Sequence similarity with the corresponding proCRH coding sequences in Tilapia mossambica and Homo sapiens is 97.7 and 78%, respectively. Western blot experiments performed with an anti-human CRH (1-41) antibody revealed the presence of an immumoreactive molecule with an approximate MW of 18 kDa, a value comparable to that of the putative catfish proCRH peptide. These data suggest that proCRH could be active in A. nebulosus without any cleavage. ProCRH immunoreactive molecules were found in the central nervous system (CNS) and were immunocytochemically detected in the head kidney and in the pancreatic gland. Western blot and immunocytochemical experiments showed an increase in proCRH expression in the CNS after 15 min but not after 120 min exposure to LPS. In contrast, the increased immunopositivity was detectable in the pancreas only after 120 min of treatment, but in the head kidney throughout the entire period of exposure. Our findings indicate that the CNS responds to the altered conditions for a shorter period of time than the peripheral organs, suggesting a hierarchical and time-regulated stress response. However, an independent response in the peripheral organs cannot be excluded in this scenario.
ProCRH in the teleost Ameiurus nebulosus: gene cloning and role in LPS-induced stress response / Malagoli, Davide; Mandrioli, Mauro; Ottaviani, Enzo. - In: BRAIN BEHAVIOR AND IMMUNITY. - ISSN 0889-1591. - STAMPA. - 18(2004), pp. 451-457.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Titolo:||ProCRH in the teleost Ameiurus nebulosus: gene cloning and role in LPS-induced stress response|
|Autore/i:||Malagoli, Davide; Mandrioli, Mauro; Ottaviani, Enzo|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.203.11.006|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000223208600007|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-3242703111|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||15265538|
|Citazione:||ProCRH in the teleost Ameiurus nebulosus: gene cloning and role in LPS-induced stress response / Malagoli, Davide; Mandrioli, Mauro; Ottaviani, Enzo. - In: BRAIN BEHAVIOR AND IMMUNITY. - ISSN 0889-1591. - STAMPA. - 18(2004), pp. 451-457.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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