The possible influence of cisplatin, methotrexate, adriamycin and vincristine on thermal pain threshold, morphine analgesia and development of morphine tolerance was investigated in mice. In the hot-plate test, the nociceptive threshold was not affected by acute or repeated administration of any of the antineoplastic drugs used. The analgesic activity of morphine was significantly reduced by pretreatment with cisplatin, intraperitoneally (i.p.) injected at the dose of 2 mg/kg. In contrast, methotrexate, subcutaneously (s.c.) injected at the dose of 1 and 5 mg/kg, adriamycin (1 and 3 mg/kg s.c.), vincristine (0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg i.p.) and a lower dose of cispratin (1 mg/kg i.p.) had no effect. The development of tolerance to morphine analgesia was delayed by adriamycin but was not influenced by the other antineoplastic drugs used. These data show that, of the four antineoplastic agents used in this study, cisplatin may interfere in the mechanism of action of morphine, and that adriamycin may delay the development of opiate tolerance. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Titolo:||Influence of antineoplastic drugs on morphine analgesia and on morphine tolerance|
|Autore/i:||S. Genedani; M. Bernardi; A. Bertolini|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000078672000003|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0032966490|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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