Activation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes with subsequent production of reactive oxygen metabolites has been reported to occur during hemodialysis related to a membrane bioincompatibility. We used an experimental dialysis model to evaluate, by chemiluminescence, the production of reactive oxygen metabolites and, by C3a, complement activation induced by cuprophan, cellulose acetate, hemophan, polysulfone, polyacrylonitrile, polymethylmethacrylate or polyvinyl chloride blood lines alone. No differences were obtained in the system, at time 30 min compared to initial values, as far as zymosan-activated chemiluminescence is concerned; resting chemiluminescence increased markedly with cellulose acetate (+71%), cuprophan (+49%), polymethylmethacrylate (+22%), hemophan (+21%) but had no variation with polysulfone, polyacrylonitrile and blood line. The time course of C3a levels up to 120 min showed a marked rise with cuprophan and cellulose acetate, a moderate increase with hemophan, polysulfone and blood line, and a decrease with polymethylmethacrylate and polyacrylonitrile. The results obtained documented a different behavior of the production of reactive oxygen metabolites compared to complement activation and support the hypothesis that the production of reactive oxygen metabolites by polymorphonuclear leukocytes is stimulated not only by complement activation but also by a direct dialysis membrane interaction.
|Data di pubblicazione:||1989|
|Titolo:||Polymorphonuclear oxygen free radical production and complement activation induced by dialysis membranes as assayed in an experimental model|
|Autori:||CAPPELLI G; LUCCHI L; BONUCCHI D; CENCI AM; MONTAGNANI G; DEPALMA M; LUSVARGHI E|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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