The stability of chondroitin sulfate (CS) was studied under acidic, neutral and basic conditions at 30 and 60 degrees C. CS is remarkably stable under neutral conditions at low temperature, while it degrades at 60 degrees C producing low-molecular-mass fragments and desulfated products. This decomposition process begins at ca. 500-600 h and is consistent with an acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of glycosidic linkages caused by a drop in pH resulting from acidic products. Under basic conditions, a breakdown of glycosidic linkages causes a decrease in molecular mass due to the beta-elimination reaction, confirmed by a strong increase of absorbance at 232 nm and H-1 NMR. Virtually no loss of O-sulfate groups can be detected in the base-treated CS. Under acidic conditions, the molecular mass decreases probably through hydrolysis of polysaccharidic linkages resulting in an increased number of reducing end groups. Litte or no beta-elimination occurs. A loss of O-sulfate groups was detected, producing desulfated derivatives. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Stability studies of chondroitin sulfate / Volpi, Nicola; Mucci, Adele; Schenetti, Luisa. - In: CARBOHYDRATE RESEARCH. - ISSN 0008-6215. - STAMPA. - 315:(1999), pp. 345-349.