The influence of different diets (Tetramin dry fish food, frozen spinach, and Dieterba mixed cereals for babies) on survival, fecundity and sex ratio was examined in a population of the polychaete Dinophilus gyrociliatus. Specimens were collected in the harbour of Genoa and were studied under controlled laboratory conditions. In D. tyrociliatus sex determination is progamic; a single ovary produces eggs of two sizes, the small eggs develop into dwarf males and the large ones into females. Sex determination is chromosomal with male heterogamety of the XO/XX type, and therefore a 1:1 population sex ratio is expected. The results of the experiment revealed that diet significantly influenced survival, fecundity and also the sex ratio. With all diets the maximum lifespan was about the same, but after 10 weeks of experiments the percentage of survivors was 9% with Tetramin, 35% with spinach and 39% with cereals. Fecundity was different in relation to diet; females fed with Tetramin produced the maximum number of eggs. The greater and earlier mortality with the Tetramin diet could be related to the greater fecundity seen in this group, in that, the greater amount of energy allocated to the production of gametes may have reduced the percentage of individuals surviving to maximum age. In this species, diet affected not only fecundity but also the sex ratio; the worms fed with cereals showed a clear displacement of sex ratio towards males.

Survival, fecundity and sex ratio of Dinophilus gyrociliatus (Polychaeta : Dinophilidae) under different dietary conditions / Prevedelli, Daniela; Zunarelli, Renata. - In: MARINE BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0025-3162. - ELETTRONICO. - 133:(1999), pp. 231-236.

Survival, fecundity and sex ratio of Dinophilus gyrociliatus (Polychaeta : Dinophilidae) under different dietary conditions

PREVEDELLI, Daniela;ZUNARELLI, Renata
1999

Abstract

The influence of different diets (Tetramin dry fish food, frozen spinach, and Dieterba mixed cereals for babies) on survival, fecundity and sex ratio was examined in a population of the polychaete Dinophilus gyrociliatus. Specimens were collected in the harbour of Genoa and were studied under controlled laboratory conditions. In D. tyrociliatus sex determination is progamic; a single ovary produces eggs of two sizes, the small eggs develop into dwarf males and the large ones into females. Sex determination is chromosomal with male heterogamety of the XO/XX type, and therefore a 1:1 population sex ratio is expected. The results of the experiment revealed that diet significantly influenced survival, fecundity and also the sex ratio. With all diets the maximum lifespan was about the same, but after 10 weeks of experiments the percentage of survivors was 9% with Tetramin, 35% with spinach and 39% with cereals. Fecundity was different in relation to diet; females fed with Tetramin produced the maximum number of eggs. The greater and earlier mortality with the Tetramin diet could be related to the greater fecundity seen in this group, in that, the greater amount of energy allocated to the production of gametes may have reduced the percentage of individuals surviving to maximum age. In this species, diet affected not only fecundity but also the sex ratio; the worms fed with cereals showed a clear displacement of sex ratio towards males.
133
231
236
Survival, fecundity and sex ratio of Dinophilus gyrociliatus (Polychaeta : Dinophilidae) under different dietary conditions / Prevedelli, Daniela; Zunarelli, Renata. - In: MARINE BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0025-3162. - ELETTRONICO. - 133:(1999), pp. 231-236.
Prevedelli, Daniela; Zunarelli, Renata
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/305880
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