The milk model protein, beta lactoglobulin (BLG), was encapsulated into microspheres prepared by a multiple emulsion/solvent evaporation method. The effect of the pH of the outer aqueous phase on protein encapsulation and release as well as on microsphere morphology has been investigated. At all tested pH values, the encapsulation efficiency was shown to decrease with increasing the initial amout of BLG. This was correlated with the reduced stability of the primary emulsion as the initial BLG increased. In addition, reducing the solubility of BLG in the external aqueous phase by decreasing the pH to the isoelectric point of BLG (pI 5.2) resulted in an improved protein encapsulation. Moreover, it was shown that combining pH modification and optimal stability of the first emulsion yielded microspheres with a high encapsulation efficiency. However, release kinetic studies revealed that a significant burst release was observed with microspheres loaded with large amounts of BLG, especially when prepared in a medium at pH 5.2. This burst effect was attributed to morphology changes in the microsphere surface which was characterized by the presence of pores or channels able to accelerate the release of BLG. These pores were assumed to result from the presence of large amounts of protein molecules on the microsphere surface, that aggregate during microsphere formation at pH 5.2. Indeed, single adsorption experiments have shown that BLG had a higher affinity for the particle surface when the pH was close to the pi. Thus, reducing the solubility of a protein in the external aqueous phase allows the product of microspheres with a better encapsulation efficiency, although this benefit is provided by a strong adsorption of the protein on microsphere surface.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Titolo:||Changing the pH of the external aqueous phase may modulate protein entrapment and delivery from poly(lactide-co-glycolide) microspheres prepared by a w/o/w solvent evaporation method|
|Autori:||E. Leo; S. Pecquet; J. Rojas; P. Couvreur; E. Fattal|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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