Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy has been used for the characterisation of electrodes modified with different polythiophenes, namely poly[4,4 ' -bis(butylsulfanyl)-2,2 ' -bithiophene], poly[4,4 ' -bis(methylsulfanyl)-2,2 ' -bithiophene] and poly( 3-methylthiophene), at different applied potentials, using different supporting electrolytes. By comparison of the results obtained under experimental conditions in which n-doping is prevented and those obtained from tests where it does occur, some general features have been deduced. all of them being coherently described by a recently proposed 'generalised transmission line circuit' model: impedance plots at different applied potentials exhibit progressive changes which are well accounted for by the 'evolving' model. The results obtained on the n-doping process of S-alkyl substituted polymers suggest a behaviour interestingly similar to that exhibited in the p-doping: this supports a symmetry that was also found by us in a previous work, with respect to the incorporation and release of counterions during the n- and p-charge-discharge processes.
P- and n-doping processes in polythiophene with reduced bandgap. An electrochemical impedance spectroscopy study / H., Ding; Z., Pan; Pigani, Laura; Seeber, Renato; Zanardi, Chiara. - In: ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA. - ISSN 0013-4686. - STAMPA. - 46:(2001), pp. 2721-2732. [10.1016/S0013-4686(01)00485-6]