Plasma membrane Ca2+ channels in immunocytes from the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis exposed to 50 Hz sine wave magnetic fields (MFs) of various strengths were studied. At levels of 300 muT and above, MFs reduce shape changes in immunocytes induced by the chemotactic substance N-formyl-Meth-Leu-Phe, and this effect involves L-type Ca2+ channels. Upon the addition of the Ca2+ blocker verapamil to molluscan immunocytes exposed to MFs results in a synergistic cytotoxic action, while in the presence of the Ca2+ opener SDZ-202, 791, a reactivation of the cells is observed. This suggests that, as previously reported for potassium channels, the damage to Ca2+ channels induced by short exposure to MF at appropriate intensities is not permanent.
Effects of 50 hz magnetic fields on fMLP-induced shape changes in invertebrate immunocytes: The role of calcium ion channels / Gobba, Fabriziomaria; Malagoli, Davide; Ottaviani, Enzo. - In: BIOELECTROMAGNETICS. - ISSN 0197-8462. - STAMPA. - 24:4(2003), pp. 277-282. [10.1002/bem.10102]