Growth factor-like molecules have been found in various invertebrate species. In particular, we have reported the presence of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-AB and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta )1 immunoreactive molecules in molluscs, insects and annelids. Moreover, PDGF-AB and TGF-beta1 affect the main immune functions, such as phagocytosis, chemotaxis and cell motility. Changes in cell shape are induced via interactions of growth factors with their respective specific receptors. The extracellular signals are transduced by the activation of classical signal transduction pathways, such as those involving PKA and PKC, and pivotal transcription regulators, i.e. the Fos, Jun and SMAD proteins. The two growth factors intervene in stress responses by activating the CRH-ACTH-biogenic amine axis. Exogenous administration of PDGF-AB and TGF-PI in a molluscan wound provokes an accelerated migration of immunocytes and fibroblasts to the injured area, stimulating granulation tissue formation and wound re-epithelialization. These findings suggest that these molecules are ancestral and that their function is well conserved and crucial in the maintenance of invertebrate homeostasis. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Titolo:||Platelet-derived growth factor and transforming growth factor-beta in invertebrate immune and neuroendocrine interactions: another sign of conservation in evolution|
|Autore/i:||E. Ottaviani; A. Franchini; D. Kletsas|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000170472400001|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0034908351|
|Citazione:||Platelet-derived growth factor and transforming growth factor-beta in invertebrate immune and neuroendocrine interactions: another sign of conservation in evolution / E. Ottaviani; A. Franchini; D. Kletsas. - In: COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY. C. TOXICOLOGY & PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 1532-0456. - STAMPA. - 129(2001), pp. 295-306.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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