The solvent-induced changes of trans-cis isomerization efficiency and electronic structure of the excited state of the DCM dye have been considered by means of CS INDO MRCI calculations. The potential energy curves, dipole moments and atomic charge densities as a function of two internal coordinates, namely the rotation angle about the central double bond and the twisting of the dimethylamino group, have been obtained for the ground state and the lowest excited states. The structural requirements for the existence of ICT (intramolecular charge transfer) excited states have been investigated by considering internal rotations about three single bonds. The reliability of the potential surfaces and of the solvation models has been discussed with reference to test-calculations on the DMABN molecule. In the first excited singlet state of DCM, the low-energy barrier for the trans-cis isomerization has been found unaffected by the solvent polarity. The only singlet excited stale presenting a large ICT character has been found to be the S2 state for a perpendicularly twisted conformation of the dimethylamino group (TICT state). The assumption of a deactivation of the trans-isomer in the locally excited state through the TICT funnel has been largely discussed with reference to the simplifications of the present theoretical approach.
INTRAMOLECULAR CHARGE-TRANSFER AND TRANS-CIS ISOMERIZATION OF THE DCM STYRENE DYE IN POLAR-SOLVENTS - A CS INDO MRCI STUDY / S., Marguet; J. C., Mialocq; P., Millie; G., Berthier; Momicchioli, Fabio. - In: CHEMICAL PHYSICS. - ISSN 0301-0104. - 160:(1992), pp. 265-279.