The A60 antigen complex is a Mycobacterium bovis (BCG) highly immunodominant antigen containing both B and T-cell epitopes. Clinical-serological studies show that elevated anti-A60 titres are present during tuberculosis. We wished to analyze in detail antibody responses against A60 components during the course of tuberculosis. A mixed longitudinal study was designed including individuals at the onset of tuberculosis, during treatment and after resolution of the disease. The anti-A60 repertoire was analyzed using a western blot assay with A60 as the antigen. While PPD- normals recognized only the 65 kDa heat shock protein (HSP), PPD+ normal individuals displayed low levels of anti-A60 antibodies against dominant antigens. These were immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) consistent with response to a latent infection. Onset tuberculosis was characterized by IgM and IgG antibodies against 52 to 28 kDa antigens; IgM response being limited to earlier phases of the disease. In contrast, IgM antibodies against 25 to 14 kDa antigens appeared only 2-6 months after disease onset. The antibody repertoire of chemotherapy-treated, resolved tuberculosis was exclusively IgG in isotype, as for a memory-type response. Thus, western blot analysis with A60 identifies typical antibody patterns associated with different clinical phases of tuberculosis infection. Such approach may help in identifying new single antigens for serologic diagnosis of active tuberculosis.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Titolo:||ANTIBODY REPERTOIRE AGAINST THE A60 ANTIGEN COMPLEX DURING THE COURSE OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS|
|Autore/i:||M. AMICOSANTE; G. PAONE; F. AMEGLIO; E. LI BIANCHI; E. PICCOLELLA; L. RICHELDI; C. SALTINI|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:A1993LJ42000009|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0027161771|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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