There is increasing evidence that motor imagery involves at least in part central processes used in motor control. In order to deepen our understanding on the neural mechanisms underlying vegetative responses to real and imagined exercise, we determined cardioventilatory variables during actual or imagined treadmill walking on flat terrain at speeds of 2, 3.5 or 5 km/h, in a group of 14 healthy volunteers. During actual walking, as expected, a comparable intensity-dependent increase was found in ventilation, oxygen consumption, tidal volume and respiratory rate. Imagined walking led to a significant, albeit small (less than 10%), increase in ventilation and oxygen consumption, and to larger increases (up to 40%) in respiratory rate, which was paralleled by a non significant trend towards a decline of tidal volume. These results confirm and extend previous observations showing that motor imagery is accompanied by centrally induced changes in vegetative responses, and provide evidence for a differential control on respiratory rate and tidal volume.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Titolo:||Cardioventilatory responses during real or imagined walking at low speed|
|Autori:||S. Fusi; D. Cutuli; M.R. Valente; P. Bergonzi; C.A. Porro; P.E. Di Prampero|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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