The relationships between life history, fitness and sexuality, together with their ecological and evolutionary significance, has been analysed comparing the main life-history traits and demography in three closely related species belonging to the genus Ophryotrocha. The species are: the gonochoristic O. labronica, the simultaneous hermaphrodite O. diadema and the protandrous hermaphrodite O. puerilis. 2. Survivorship and reproductive data were collected weekly and were used to construct life tables and population projection matrices for each species and compare life-history characteristics. Elasticity, life-table response and decomposition analyses were performed to examine the relative contribution of fecundity and survivorship to differences in lambda between species. 3. The gonochoristic and hermaphroditic species differ in all the main life-history parameters and also in demographic characteristics. In particular the value of lambda, used commonly to express fitness, is markedly higher in the gonochoristic species while in terms of fitness simultaneous and sequential hermaphroditism are very similar. In the genus Ophryotrocha gonochorism currently represents the most widespread condition, being characteristic of the majority of the known species in the genus. 4. Given the demographic advantage ensured by gonochorism, it remains be understood why some species have retained simultaneous hermaphroditism and one has evolved a sequential type hermaphroditism; the most probable hypothesis is correlated with the density of the species in natural habitats.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Titolo:||Gonochorism vs. hermaphroditism: relationship between life history and fitness in three species of Ophryotrocha (Polychaeta : Dorvilleidae) with different forms of sexuality|
|Autore/i:||Prevedelli, Daniela; MASSAMBA N'SIALA, Gloria; Simonini, Roberto|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000235043700020|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-33645100253|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||16903057|
|Citazione:||Gonochorism vs. hermaphroditism: relationship between life history and fitness in three species of Ophryotrocha (Polychaeta : Dorvilleidae) with different forms of sexuality / Prevedelli, Daniela; MASSAMBA N'SIALA, Gloria; Simonini, Roberto. - In: JOURNAL OF ANIMAL ECOLOGY. - ISSN 0021-8790. - ELETTRONICO. - 75(2006), pp. 203-212.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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