The reduction potential of the basic blue-copper protein from cucumber peels (CBP) was determined through voltammetric techniques in different conditions of temperature, pH and ionic composition of the medium, The most notable properties of CBP include a positive entropy change upon reduction, a low pH protonation and detachment of a metal-binding histidine in the reduced protein, and specific binding interactions with a number of anions present in common laboratory buffers, which influence to some extent the redox thermodynamics, The enthalpy and entropy changes accompanying reduction of the Cu(II) center were compared with those for other blue-copper proteins and correlated with spectroscopic data, structural properties and theoretical calculations. This allows some general considerations to be offered regarding the determinants of the reduction potential in this protein class. It emerges, in line with previous studies of the electronic structure of blue-copper sires, that the enthalpic contribution to the reduction potential is mainly modulated by the metal-binding interactions in the trigonal N2S ligand set, and particularly by the Cu-cysteinate bond, while the entropy term is mainly affected by solvation properties and possibly by the weak axial bond to copper. The role of solvent exposure of the metal site in the active-site protonations in reduced blue-copper proteins is discussed. Finally, it is shown that the Nernst-Debye-Huckel model qualitatively accounts for the ionic strength dependence of the reduction potential.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Titolo:||Redox thermodynamics, acid-base equilibria and salt-induced effects for the cucumber basic protein. General implications for blue-copper proteins|
|Autori:||G. BATTISTUZZI; M. BORSARI; L. LOSCHI; M. SOLA|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s007750050142|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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