Although advances in immunosuppressive therapy have led to increased survival of solid organ transplantation recipients, it is well established that current protocols have been associated with an increased risk of developing tissue-invasive infections. In particular, cytomegalovirus still represents an important cause of morbidity. We report a case of cytomegalovirus infection involving the graft ileum with documented necrotising enteritis that developed after small bowel transplantation. The patient, a 56-year-old Caucasian female with a postsurgery short bowel syndrome, underwent a small bowel transplantation. Immunosuppression was maintained by combination of tacrolimus, steroids and daclizumab. Both the donor and the recipient were serologically negative for cytomegalovirus IgG. Nevertheless, ganciclovir prophylaxis was given for 21 days after surgery, as standard procedure. On hospital day 174, routine pp65 antigenaemia resulted positive (14/200,000 peripheral blood leukocytes). The patient was asymptomatic and preemptive ganciclovir therapy was instituted. In the following 3 days, due to a cytomegalovirus antigenaemia increase, ganciclovir was changed to foscarnet with subsequent virological response (7/200,000 peripheral blood leukocytes, on day 18 1). Two days later, the patient complained of acute abdominal pain and she underwent surgery for the diagnosis. Since the intraoperative findings consisted of a diffuse acute purulent peritonitis, the intestinal graft, together with native rectum, was removed. Biopsy specimens showed evidence of tissue-invasive cytomegalovirus infection. Postsurgery, the patient developed septic shock and died on day 198 as a consequence of multiple organ failure.

Fatal cytomegalovirus necrotising enteritis in a small bowel transplantation adult recipient with low pp65 antigenaemia levels / S., Cocchi; DI BENEDETTO, Fabrizio; M., Codeluppi; Guaraldi, Giovanni; A., Lauro; A., Bagni; M., Pecorari; W., Gennari; Quintini, Cristiano; Esposito, Roberto; Ad, Pinna. - In: DIGESTIVE AND LIVER DISEASE. - ISSN 1590-8658. - STAMPA. - 38:6(2006), pp. 429-433. [10.1016/j.dld.2005.07.005]

Fatal cytomegalovirus necrotising enteritis in a small bowel transplantation adult recipient with low pp65 antigenaemia levels

DI BENEDETTO, Fabrizio;GUARALDI, Giovanni;QUINTINI, Cristiano;ESPOSITO, Roberto;
2006

Abstract

Although advances in immunosuppressive therapy have led to increased survival of solid organ transplantation recipients, it is well established that current protocols have been associated with an increased risk of developing tissue-invasive infections. In particular, cytomegalovirus still represents an important cause of morbidity. We report a case of cytomegalovirus infection involving the graft ileum with documented necrotising enteritis that developed after small bowel transplantation. The patient, a 56-year-old Caucasian female with a postsurgery short bowel syndrome, underwent a small bowel transplantation. Immunosuppression was maintained by combination of tacrolimus, steroids and daclizumab. Both the donor and the recipient were serologically negative for cytomegalovirus IgG. Nevertheless, ganciclovir prophylaxis was given for 21 days after surgery, as standard procedure. On hospital day 174, routine pp65 antigenaemia resulted positive (14/200,000 peripheral blood leukocytes). The patient was asymptomatic and preemptive ganciclovir therapy was instituted. In the following 3 days, due to a cytomegalovirus antigenaemia increase, ganciclovir was changed to foscarnet with subsequent virological response (7/200,000 peripheral blood leukocytes, on day 18 1). Two days later, the patient complained of acute abdominal pain and she underwent surgery for the diagnosis. Since the intraoperative findings consisted of a diffuse acute purulent peritonitis, the intestinal graft, together with native rectum, was removed. Biopsy specimens showed evidence of tissue-invasive cytomegalovirus infection. Postsurgery, the patient developed septic shock and died on day 198 as a consequence of multiple organ failure.
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429
433
Fatal cytomegalovirus necrotising enteritis in a small bowel transplantation adult recipient with low pp65 antigenaemia levels / S., Cocchi; DI BENEDETTO, Fabrizio; M., Codeluppi; Guaraldi, Giovanni; A., Lauro; A., Bagni; M., Pecorari; W., Gennari; Quintini, Cristiano; Esposito, Roberto; Ad, Pinna. - In: DIGESTIVE AND LIVER DISEASE. - ISSN 1590-8658. - STAMPA. - 38:6(2006), pp. 429-433. [10.1016/j.dld.2005.07.005]
S., Cocchi; DI BENEDETTO, Fabrizio; M., Codeluppi; Guaraldi, Giovanni; A., Lauro; A., Bagni; M., Pecorari; W., Gennari; Quintini, Cristiano; Esposito, Roberto; Ad, Pinna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/304440
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