All known finite sharply 4-transitive permutation sets containing the identity are groups, namely S_4, S_5, A_6 and the Mathieu group of degree 11. We prove that a sharply 4-transitive permutation set on 11 elements containing the identity must necessarily be the Mathieu group of degree 11. The proof uses direct counting arguments. It is based on a combinatorial property of the involutions in the Mathieu group of degree 11 (which is established here) and on the uniqueness of the Minkowski planes of order 9 (which had been established before): the validity of both facts relies on computer calculations. A permutation set is said to be invertible if it contains the identity and if whenever it contains a permutation it also contains its inverse. In the geometric structure arising from an invertible permutation set at least one block-symmetry is an automorphism. The above result has the following consequences, i) A sharply 5-transitive permutation set on 12 elements containing the identity is necessarily the Mathieu group of degree 12. ii) There exists no sharply 6-transitive permutation set on 13 elements. For d greater than or equal to 6 there exists no invertible sharply d-transitive permutation set on a finite set with at least d + 3 elements. iii) A finite invertible sharply d-transitive permutation set with d greater than or equal to 4 is necessarily a group, that is either a symmetric group, an alternating group, the Mathieu group of degree 11 or the Mathieu group of degree 12.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Titolo:||Each invertible sharply d-transitive finite permutation set with d >= 4 is a group|
|Autori:||A. Bonisoli; P. Quattrocchi|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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