Wigner trajectories in phase space provide a pictorial representation of the quantum evolution of a system of interest in the Wigner-function formulation of quantum mechanics with many analogies with the description of classical evolutions. The existence of Wigner trajectories has been discussed so far only for ballistic coherent electrons moving in an external potential profile. We prove in this paper the existence of Wigner paths that are defined also in the presence of electron-phonon coupling, and go over some interpretative problems related to Wigner trajectories. Wigner paths can be used to determine the evolution of the Wigner function in time during scattering processes. This general result opens new fields of application of the concept of Wigner function, mainly in connection with the numerical study of quantum transport in mesoscopic systems.
Wigner paths for electrons interacting with phonons / M., Pascoli; Bordone, Paolo; Brunetti, Rossella; Jacoboni, Carlo. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. B, CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIALS PHYSICS. - ISSN 1098-0121. - STAMPA. - 58:(1998), pp. 3503-3506. [10.1103/PhysRevB.58.3503]