We investigated the influence of the adrenocorticotropic fragment 1-24 [ACTH(1-24)] on the blood levels of highly-reactive free radicals in a rat model of prolonged asphyxia. Anesthetized animals were endotracheally intubated and mechanically ventilated with room air; after a 10 min stabilization period, the ventilator was turned off to induce asphyxia for 5 min; then, the ventilator was turned back on, and, simultaneously, the rats were intravenously treated with either ACTH-(1-24) (160 mu g/kg in a volume of 1 ml/kg) or equivolume saline. Free radicals were detected in arterial blood by electron spin resonance spectrometry using an ex vivo method that avoids injection of the spin-trapping agent employed (alpha-phenyl-N-tert-butylnitrone). Arterial pressure, electrocardiogram (ECG) and electroencephalogram (EEG) were monitored for the 60 min observation period, or until prior death. At the end of the 5 min period of respiratory arrest, blood levels of free radicals were about four times higher than those of the basal, pre-asphyxia condition, arterial pressure had dramatically decreased, ECG showed marked bradycardia and signs of ischemic damage and the EEG had become isoelectric. Treatment with ACTH-(1-24) produced an immediate normalization of the blood levels of free radicals, associated with a restoration of cardiovascular function and full recovery of EEG within 30-45 min; all the saline-treated rats, on the other hand, died within 6.89 +/- 0.96 min. These results provide direct evidence that in st severe condition of prolonged asphyxia there is a rapid and massive production of highly-reactive free radicals and suggest that the resuscitating effect of adrenocorticotropin fragments in severe hypoxic conditions may be largely due to the inhibition of free radical overproduction during tissue reoxygenation.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Titolo:||Adrenocorticotropin counteracts the increase in free radical blood levels, detected by electron spin resonance spectrometry, in rats subjected to prolonged asphyxia|
|Autori:||S. Guarini; C. Bazzani; A. Bini; MM Cainazzo; A. Tomasi; A. Bertolini|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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