Hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis are common findings in humans with hemochromatosis, In this study we investigated the molecular pathways of iron-induced hepatic fibrosis and evaluated the anti-fibrogenic effect of vitamin E. Male gerbils were treated with iron-dextran and fed a standard diet or a alpha-tocopherol enriched diet (250 mg/Kg diet), In gerbils on the standard diet at 6 wk after dosing with iron, in situ hybridization analysis documented a dramatic increase of signal for collagen mRNA around iron foci onto liver fat storing cells (FSC), as identified by immunocytochemistry with desmin antibody, After 4 mo, micronodular cirrhosis developed in these animals, with nonparenchymal cells surrounding hepatocyte nodules and expressing high level of TGF beta mRNA, In this group, in vivo labeling with [H-3]thymidine showed a marked proliferation of nonparenchymal cells, including FSC, In iron-dosed gerbils on the vitamin E-enriched diet for 4 mo, in spite of a severe liver iron burden, a normal lobular architecture was found, with a dramatic decrease of collagen mRNA accumulation and collagen deposition. At the molecular level, a total suppression of nonparenchymal cell proliferation was appreciable, although expression of collagen and TGF beta mRNAs was still present into microscopic iron-filled nonparenchymal cell aggregates scattered throughout the hepatic lobule, In conclusion, our study shows that anti-oxidant treatment during experimental hepatic fibrosis arrests fibrogenesis and completely prevents iron induced hepatic cirrhosis mainly through inhibition of nonparenchymal cell proliferation induced by iron.
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Titolo:||MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR ASPECTS OF IRON-INDUCED HEPATIC CIRRHOSIS IN RODENTS|
|Autori:||Pietrangelo, A; Gualdi, R; Casalgrandi, G; Montosi, G; Ventura, E|
|Autori interni:||PIETRANGELO, Antonello |
|Rivista:||THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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