In view of their compact genome, pufferfish (Tetraodontiformes) have been proposed as model animal for the study of the vertebrate genome. Despite such interest, cytogenetic information about puffers is still scanty. To fill this gap, a cytogenetic analysis of T. fluviatilis has been performed using both classical and molecular techniques. C-banding, followed by DAPI staining, evidenced that in T. fluviatilis, like all other puffer species so far examined, heterochromatin is essentially AT-rich and it is located at centromeres, whereas staining with CMA(3), silver staining and FISH with a 28S ribosomal RNA gene DNA probe showed 2-4 nucleolar organizing regions (NORs) located in heterochromatic regions in the considered puffer species. FISH with the 5S probe put in evidence both in T. fluviatilis and in T. nigroviridis only a 5S cluster per haploid genome that is physically unlinked with the major ribosomal RNA genes including the 28S rRNA genes. Hybridization with the (TTAGGG)(n) probe showed in all the puffers brightly fluorescent signals uniform both in size and intensity at the end of all the chromosomes. Finally, mariner-like elements (MLEs) have been identified in T. fluviatilis and they have located into the NOR-associated heterochromatin.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Titolo:||Cytogenetic and molecular analysis of the pufferfish Tetraodon fluviatilis (Osteichthyes)|
|Autori:||M. Mandrioli; G.C. Manicardi|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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