Hyaluronic acid (HA) of different molecular weights has been examined by atomic force microscopy (AFM) in air. This technique allows 3-D surface images of soft samples without any pretreatment, such as shadowing or staining. In the present study we examined the supermolecular organization of HA chains when deposited on mica and graphite, to better understand the interchain and intrachain interactions of HA molecules in solution. The concentration of the solution deposited varied from 0.001 to 1 mg/ml. On both substrates, and independent of the concentration, high-molecular-mass HA formed networks in which molecules ran parallel for hundreds of nanometers, giving rise to hat sheets and tubular structures that separate and rejoin into similar neighboring aggregates. Accurate measurements of the thickness of the thinnest sheets were consistent with a monolayer of HA molecules, 0.3 nm thick, strongly indicating lateral aggregation forces between chains as well as rather strong hydrophilic interactions between mica and HA The results agree with an existing model of HA tertiary structure in solution in which the network is stabilized by both hydrophilic and hydrophobic interactions. Our images support this model and indicate that hydrophobic interactions between chains may exert a pivotal role in aqueous solution.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Titolo:||Hyaluronic acid by atomic force microscopy|
|Autori:||I. Jacoboni; U. Valdrè; G. Mori; D. Quaglino; I. Pasquali-Ronchetti|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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