Preliminary randomized studies have failed to show a survival benefit of high-dose chemotherapy with alkylators in advanced breast cancer. Idarubicin is an active agent in breast cancer and is suitable for dose escalation. We designed a dose finding study with escalating high-dose idarubicin (HD-Ida) followed by fixed high-dose thiotepa+melphalan (HD-TM) with peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPC) in MBC patients with stable disease or in partial response after six courses of induction chemotherapy with gemcitabine 1000 mg/m(2) days 1 and 4, epirubicin 90 mg/m(2) day 1, taxol 175 mg/m(2) day 1 (GET). Aims of the study were to identify the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of idarubicin, to evaluate the cardiac safety and activity of HD-Ida and HD-TM after GET and to study the pharmacokinetic profile of idarubicin and idarubicinol. A total of 14 patients were treated. Idarubicin was administered as a 48 h continuous i.v. infusion at the following dose levels: 40 mg/m(2) (three patients), 50 mg/m(2) (three patients), 60 mg/m(2) (five patients) and 70 mg/m(2) (three patients). Mucositis was the dose-limiting toxicity and the MTD was 60 mg/m(2). C(max) of Idarubicin and idarubicinol were 7.7+/-2.0 and 26.3+/-9.7 ng/ml at 40 mg/m(2) and increased to 14.8+3.0 and 47.4+12.6 ng/ml at 70 mg/m(2). AUCt(0-264) of idarubicin and idarubicinol increased from 423.2+/-111.6 and 2581+/-606 hng/ml at 40 mg/m(2) to 732.8+/-140.2 and 4590+/-1258 hng/ml at 70 mg/m(2). Conversion rates after HD-Ida and HD-TM were 28.6 and 38.5%, respectively. No episodes of cardiac toxicity were observed. We conclude that HD-Ida followed by HD-TM is feasible and devoid of cardiac toxicity. Moreover, the activity of HD-Ida after a epirubicin-containing regimen suggests incomplete cross-resistance between the two drugs.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Titolo:||High – dose consolidation chemotherapy with Idarubicin and alkylating agents following induction with gemcitabine-epirubicin-paclitaxel in metastatic breast cancer: a dose finding study|
|Autori:||C. BENGALA; R. DANESI; V. GUARNERI; I. PAZZAGLI; S. DONATI; C. FAVRE; S. FOGLI; O. BIADI; F. INNOCENTI; M. DEL TACCA; M. MARIANI; P. CONTE|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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