In previous articles, we have shown that the combination of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor delapril (12 mg/kg/day) and the diuretic indapamide (1 mg/kg/day) was able to prolong the life span significantly in salt-loaded stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRsp). Because this finding was partly dependent on the antagonism of salt-loading effects by pharmacologic induction of diuresis, which prevented any increase in blood pressure values, we decided to evaluate whether lower doses of the combination could be equally protective without changing the progression of hypertension. Thus, we studied several treatments with progressively lower doses of delapril (6, 3, or 1.5 mg/kg/day) combined with indapamide (0.5, 0.25, or 0.125 mg/kg/day) or hydrochlorothiazide (2.5, 1.25, or 0.625 mg/kg/day) in salt-loaded SHRsp. Salt-loaded untreated animals were considered to be the control group. In agreement with previous experiments, control rats reached 50% mortality similar to 7 weeks after the beginning of salt loading. The combination of delapril and hydrochlorothiazide at the two lowest doses was nor able to delay animal death significantly, whereas treatment with april and indapamide at the lowest dose was effective (50% survival rate, 15 weeks). The groups treated with the highest dose of delapril and hydrochlorothiazide or with the intermediate or highest dose of delapril and indapamide did not reach 50% mortality by the end of the experiment, at 44 weeks of treatment (i.e., when animals reached age 1 year). Only the highest delapril and indapamide doses were able to increase diuresis, but for a relatively short period. None of the treatments was able to lower or control blood pressure levels adequately. Therefore, blood pressure levels by themselves were not predictive of rat mortality. In contrast, the maximal value of proteinuria in the weeks preceding death was inversely correlated with the survival time. In conclusion, this study shows that low doses of an ACE inhibitor in combination with a diuretic can be effectively protective in a model of severe hypertension, independent of any change in blood pressure levels.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Titolo:||Protective effects of delapril combined with indapamide or hydrochlorothiazide in spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats: a comparative dose-response analysis|
|Autori:||S. Boschi; G. Vantaggiato; C. Torri; I. Zini; L.F. Agnati; M. Zoli; G. Biagini|
|Autori interni:||ZINI, Isabella |
AGNATI, Luigi Francesco
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR PHARMACOLOGY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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