Two heme peroxidases of 35.2 and 38.5 kDa have been isolated from cucumber (Cucumis sativus) peelings and characterized through electronic and IH NMR spectra in the pH range 3.5-10.5. Their spectroscopic and catalytic properties, which are closely similar, are characteristic of highly homologous isoenzymes. Both proteins, as isolated, exist as a mixture elf two ferric forms containing a high-spin and a low-spin heme in an approximately 2:1 molar ratio. The latter form likely contains a hydroxide ion axially coordinated to the heme iron and is proposed to be the result of partial irreversible protein inactivation due to the purification procedure. Both proteins in the reduced form are fully high-spin. The high-spin ferric form is sensitive to two acid-base equilibria with apparent pK(a) values of approximately 5 and 8.5, which have been assigned to the distal histidine and the arginine adjacent to it, respectively. These equilibria also affect the catalytic activity and the interaction with inorganic anions such as azide and fluoride. The reactivity of both proteins is closely similar to that of other plant peroxidases, primarily horseradish peroxidase; how ever, they also show spectroscopic properties similar to those of cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase. Therefore, overall, these two species show molecular, spectroscopic and catalytic features which are rather peculiar among plant peroxidases.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Titolo:||Isolation and characterization of two peroxidases from Cucumis sativus|
|Autore/i:||G. BATTISTUZZI; M. D'ONOFRIO; L. LOSCHI; M. SOLA|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000167793900015|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0035298523|
|Citazione:||Isolation and characterization of two peroxidases from Cucumis sativus / G. BATTISTUZZI; M. D'ONOFRIO; L. LOSCHI; M. SOLA. - In: ARCHIVES OF BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS. - ISSN 0003-9861. - STAMPA. - 388(2001), pp. 100-112.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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