Yessotoxin (YTX) treatment of MCF-7 cells results in the accumulation of a 100-kDa fragment of E-cadherin (ECRA(100)) without a parallel loss of the intact protein in cytosoluble extracts. As a consequence, concentration-dependent increases in the total immunoreactivity detectable by anti-E-cadherin antibodies relative to controls (RTI) and in the relative immunoreactivity of ECRA(100) (RI) are observed. These responses have been exploited to develop a functional assay to measure YTX in samples from contaminated mussels by a three-step procedure, consisting of (i) treatment of MCF-7 cells with YTX standard in the concentration range 0-1 nM and of unknown samples; (ii) preparation of cellular extracts, fractionation of proteins by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under denaturing conditions, and immunoblotting with anti-E-cadherin antibodies, followed by densitometric analyses of autoradiographies and calculation of RI of ECRA(100) and of RTI of the samples; and (iii) interpolation of the YTX concentrations in unknown samples on standard curves, by the RI of ECRA(100) and the RTI of the samples. The procedure has been used to measure yessotoxins in contaminated mussel samples, and the results obtained show that this functional assay is very sensitive (limit of detection of about 100 ng equivalent YTX/g of digestive gland), and robust, as (i) it is insensitive to matrix effects in the range of toxin concentrations relevant for risk assessment to protect humans from exposure to YTX, (ii) calculations are based on a molecular parameter (the RI of ECRA(100)) which is not affected by errors in sample preparation, (iii) it can be performed by the use of antibodies commercially available from different companies, and (iv) it does not show an absolute need of calibration by a pure standard within each assay. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Titolo:||Functional assay to measure yessotoxins in contaminated mussel samples|
|Autori:||S. Pierotti; C. Malaguti; A. Milandri; R. Poletti; GP Rossini|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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