Skeletal structure and processes of bone growth, modeling and remodeling were studied in a supernumerary metatarsal surgically removed from a 3-year-old boy affected by Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita (CMTC), associated with hypertrophy of the right upper and lower limbs and postaxial hexadactylism of the homolateral hand and foot. No other anomalies were observed. The excess of periosteal growth, due to congenital anomaly, induced an abnormal development of both modeling and remodeling processes. In bone modeling, osteoblast activity on the periosteal surface was not paralleled by osteoclast resorption along the wall of the medullary canal, and this enormously increased the cortical thickness. In bone remodeling, osteoclastic resorption cavities were not refilled by secondary Haversian systems, thus inducing a severe bone loss. While the alteration of bone growth and modeling can be ascribed to the congenital disease, the unbalanced bone remodeling appears mainly to depend on mechanical disuse of the supernumerary metatarsal.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Titolo:||Bone growth, modeling and remodeling in a supernumerary metatarsal bone associated with segmental gigantism in cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita|
|Autori:||F. Marotti; MF Bertolani; C. Palumbo|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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