Beta(1)-integrin protects keratinocyte stem cells (KSC) from cell-detachment apoptosis ('anoikis'). Here we show that caspase-8 active protein is detected in both young transit amplifying (TA) cells and TA cells, but not in KSC. On suspension, caspases are activated earlier in young TA than in KSC, whereas anti-beta(1)-integrin neutralizing antibody accelerates caspase activation in both KSC and young TA. Caspases 8 and 10 are the first caspases to be activated whereas caspase-8 inhibitor zIETD-fmk delays the activation of Bid, caspase-9 and caspase-3. However, the caspase-9 inhibitor zLEDH-fmk does not block the activation of caspase-8, Bid, caspase-10 and caspase-3. Moreover, caspase-8, but not caspase-9 inhibitor partially prevents keratinocyte anoikis. As FLIP inhibits caspase-8 processing, we retrovirally infected HaCaT keratinocytes with c-FLIPL. Anti-beta(1)-integrin fails to activate caspase-8, Bid, caspase-9 and to induce the release of cytochrome c in c-FLIPL overexpressing keratinocytes. Finally, overexpression of c-FLIPL partially prevents anoikis in both suspended and anti-beta(1) integrin-treated cells. Taken together, these results indicate that the extrinsic apoptotic pathway triggered by caspase-8 predominates in keratinocyte anoikis. However, the release of cytochrome c and the later activation of caspase-9 seem to suggest that the intrinsic mitochondrial pathway may intervene as a positive feedback loop of caspase activation.

FLICE/caspase-8 activation triggers anoikis induced by beta(1)-integrin blockade in human keratinocytes / Marconi, Alessandra; P., Atzei; C., Panza; C., Fila; R., Tiberio; Truzzi, Francesca; T., Wachter; M., Leverkus; Pincelli, Carlo. - In: JOURNAL OF CELL SCIENCE. - ISSN 0021-9533. - STAMPA. - 117:(2004), pp. 5815-5823.

FLICE/caspase-8 activation triggers anoikis induced by beta(1)-integrin blockade in human keratinocytes

MARCONI, Alessandra;TRUZZI, Francesca;PINCELLI, Carlo
2004

Abstract

Beta(1)-integrin protects keratinocyte stem cells (KSC) from cell-detachment apoptosis ('anoikis'). Here we show that caspase-8 active protein is detected in both young transit amplifying (TA) cells and TA cells, but not in KSC. On suspension, caspases are activated earlier in young TA than in KSC, whereas anti-beta(1)-integrin neutralizing antibody accelerates caspase activation in both KSC and young TA. Caspases 8 and 10 are the first caspases to be activated whereas caspase-8 inhibitor zIETD-fmk delays the activation of Bid, caspase-9 and caspase-3. However, the caspase-9 inhibitor zLEDH-fmk does not block the activation of caspase-8, Bid, caspase-10 and caspase-3. Moreover, caspase-8, but not caspase-9 inhibitor partially prevents keratinocyte anoikis. As FLIP inhibits caspase-8 processing, we retrovirally infected HaCaT keratinocytes with c-FLIPL. Anti-beta(1)-integrin fails to activate caspase-8, Bid, caspase-9 and to induce the release of cytochrome c in c-FLIPL overexpressing keratinocytes. Finally, overexpression of c-FLIPL partially prevents anoikis in both suspended and anti-beta(1) integrin-treated cells. Taken together, these results indicate that the extrinsic apoptotic pathway triggered by caspase-8 predominates in keratinocyte anoikis. However, the release of cytochrome c and the later activation of caspase-9 seem to suggest that the intrinsic mitochondrial pathway may intervene as a positive feedback loop of caspase activation.
117
5815
5823
FLICE/caspase-8 activation triggers anoikis induced by beta(1)-integrin blockade in human keratinocytes / Marconi, Alessandra; P., Atzei; C., Panza; C., Fila; R., Tiberio; Truzzi, Francesca; T., Wachter; M., Leverkus; Pincelli, Carlo. - In: JOURNAL OF CELL SCIENCE. - ISSN 0021-9533. - STAMPA. - 117:(2004), pp. 5815-5823.
Marconi, Alessandra; P., Atzei; C., Panza; C., Fila; R., Tiberio; Truzzi, Francesca; T., Wachter; M., Leverkus; Pincelli, Carlo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/303371
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