A combination of carboplatin (CBDCA) and paclitaxel (TAX) is the standard treatment in advanced ovarian cancer (AOC) patients. Epidoxorubicin (EDX) is an active treatment in AOC and exhibits nonoverlapping toxicities with CBDCA and TAX; moreover, when added to platinum-based chemotherapy, it improves long-term survival. We have therefore conducted a phase II study to evaluate the tolerability and antitumor activity of an EDX/TAX/CBDCA (ETC) triplet in AOC patients. METHODS: Patients with histologically confirmed suboptimal stage III-IV ovarian cancer who had not previously received cytotoxic drugs were treated with TAX (175 mg/m(2) in a 3-h iv infusion), CBDCA (AUC 6, Calvert formula), and EDX (75 mg/m(2) iv bolus) all given on day 1 every 28 days for a maximum of six courses on an outpatient basis. EDX dosage was chosen after a pilot phase I study. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients were registered, of whom 5 were determined ineligible bacause of age. Forty-two of the 50 are evaluable for response; 27 (64%) achieved a clinical complete response (CR) and 9 (21%) a partial response (PR) for a response rate of 86% (95% CI 71-94%). Thirty-three patients underwent a secondary debulking procedure after a median of 6 courses (range 2-6). Pathological CR and PR were observed in 9 (27.3%) and 21 (63.6%), respectively; among patients with persistent disease a successful cytoreduction (<1 cm) was obtained in 53.8% of patients. At a median follow up of 35.6 months (range 0-55.5) median progression-free survival is 19.5 months and median overall survival is 36 months. The most common adverse effects were G3-4 leukopenia and thrombocytopenia which occurred in 59 and 37% of patients, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The ETC combination given according to the outlined doses and schedule is highly active in AOC patients with poor prognostic factors and deserves further study
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Titolo:||First-line chemotherapy with epidoxorubicin, paclitaxel and carboplatin for the treatment of advanced epithelial ovarian cancer patients|
|Autori:||Romanini A.; Tanganelli L.; Carnino F.; Fanucchi A.; Lionetto R.; Pastorino S.; Cosio S.; Gadducci A.; Conte P.F|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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