The increase in high-density hazelnut (Corylus avellana) areas drives the interest in practices of precision management. This work addressed soil apparent electrical conductivity (ECa), RGB aerial (UAV) images, proximal sensing, and field scouting in delineating and validating management zones (MZs) in a 2.96 ha hazelnut grove in Italy. ECa data were fitted to a semi-variogram, interpolated (simple kriging), and clustered, resulting in two MZs that were subjected to soil analysis. RGB imagery was used to extract tree canopies from the soil background and determine two vegetation indices (VIs) of general crop status: the Visible Atmospherically Resistant Index (VARI) and the Normalized Green-Red Difference Index (NGRDI). Then, plant growth parameters were manually assessed (tree height, crown size, etc.) and a proximal VI, the Canopy Index (CI), was determined with the MECS-VINE & REG; vertical multisensor. MZ1 was characterized by lower ECa values than MZ2. This was associated with a lower clay content (9% vs. 21% in MZ1 vs. MZ2) and organic matter content (1.03% vs. 1.51% in MZ1 vs. MZ2), indicating lower soil fertility in MZ1 vs. MZ2. Additionally, hazelnut trees had significantly smaller canopies (1.42 vs. 1.94 m(2) tree(-1)) and slightly lower values of VARI, NGRDI, and CI in MZ1 vs. MZ2. In conclusion, our approach used ECa to identify homogeneous field areas, which showed differences in soil properties influencing tree growth. This is the premise for differential hazelnut management in view of better efficiency and sustainability in the use of crop inputs.

Multi-Parametric Approach to Management Zone Delineation in a Hazelnut Grove in Italy / Martelli, Roberta; Civitarese, Vincenzo; Barbanti, Lorenzo; Ali, Abid; Sperandio, Giulio; Acampora, Andrea; Misturini, Davide; Assirelli, Alberto. - In: SUSTAINABILITY. - ISSN 2071-1050. - 15:13(2023), pp. 1-12. [10.3390/su151310106]

Multi-Parametric Approach to Management Zone Delineation in a Hazelnut Grove in Italy

Martelli, Roberta;
2023

Abstract

The increase in high-density hazelnut (Corylus avellana) areas drives the interest in practices of precision management. This work addressed soil apparent electrical conductivity (ECa), RGB aerial (UAV) images, proximal sensing, and field scouting in delineating and validating management zones (MZs) in a 2.96 ha hazelnut grove in Italy. ECa data were fitted to a semi-variogram, interpolated (simple kriging), and clustered, resulting in two MZs that were subjected to soil analysis. RGB imagery was used to extract tree canopies from the soil background and determine two vegetation indices (VIs) of general crop status: the Visible Atmospherically Resistant Index (VARI) and the Normalized Green-Red Difference Index (NGRDI). Then, plant growth parameters were manually assessed (tree height, crown size, etc.) and a proximal VI, the Canopy Index (CI), was determined with the MECS-VINE & REG; vertical multisensor. MZ1 was characterized by lower ECa values than MZ2. This was associated with a lower clay content (9% vs. 21% in MZ1 vs. MZ2) and organic matter content (1.03% vs. 1.51% in MZ1 vs. MZ2), indicating lower soil fertility in MZ1 vs. MZ2. Additionally, hazelnut trees had significantly smaller canopies (1.42 vs. 1.94 m(2) tree(-1)) and slightly lower values of VARI, NGRDI, and CI in MZ1 vs. MZ2. In conclusion, our approach used ECa to identify homogeneous field areas, which showed differences in soil properties influencing tree growth. This is the premise for differential hazelnut management in view of better efficiency and sustainability in the use of crop inputs.
2023
15
13
1
12
Multi-Parametric Approach to Management Zone Delineation in a Hazelnut Grove in Italy / Martelli, Roberta; Civitarese, Vincenzo; Barbanti, Lorenzo; Ali, Abid; Sperandio, Giulio; Acampora, Andrea; Misturini, Davide; Assirelli, Alberto. - In: SUSTAINABILITY. - ISSN 2071-1050. - 15:13(2023), pp. 1-12. [10.3390/su151310106]
Martelli, Roberta; Civitarese, Vincenzo; Barbanti, Lorenzo; Ali, Abid; Sperandio, Giulio; Acampora, Andrea; Misturini, Davide; Assirelli, Alberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1341326
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