Anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with impaired bone health and low bone mineral density (BMD) as a consequence of an inadequate peak bone mass in adolescence and bone loss in young adulthoodThe vitamin D status with its implications for bone health in patients affected by AN has only been examined previously in small studies Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and test the hypothesis that patients with AN and vitamin D deficiency might have worse bone metabolism and lower bone density as compared with AN with adequate vitamin D repletion Design: We analysed the vitamin D status and bone metabolism in a large cohort (n=89) of untreated patients affected by AN, with amenorrhoea Results: Vitamin D deficiency is widespread in untreated patients with AN: 16.9% had 25OH vitamin D levels below 12ng/ml, 36% below 20ng/ml and 58.4% below 30ng/mlPTH values were higher and BMD at both femoral sites were lower in patients with vitamin D<20ng/mlProgressively higher values of BMD were observed by 4 ranks of 25 OH vitamin D values (severe deficiency: <12ng/ml, deficiency: ≥12ng/ml and <20ng/ml, insufficiency: ≥20 and <30ng/ml and normal: ≥30ng/ml)In patients with severe vitamin D deficiency BMD at the hip were significantly lower than that measured in groups with values over 20ng/ml (p<0.001 for trend)The level of significance did not change for values adjusted for BMI or body weight Conclusion: We found a strong relationship between vitamin D status and hip BMD values with additional benefits for those with 25OHD levels above 20ng/mlOur results support the design of a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial on the effect of vitamin D on BMD in patients with ANThe second point, whether 25OHD should be above 20 or 30ng/ml remains a discussion point.

Strong relationship between vitamin D status and bone mineral density in anorexia nervosa / Gatti, D.; El Ghoch, M.; Viapiana, O.; Ruocco, A.; Chignola, E.; Rossini, M.; Giollo, A.; Idolazzi, L.; Adami, S.; Dalle Grave, R.. - In: BONE. - ISSN 8756-3282. - 78:(2015), pp. 212-215. [10.1016/j.bone.2015.05.014]

Strong relationship between vitamin D status and bone mineral density in anorexia nervosa

El Ghoch M.;
2015

Abstract

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with impaired bone health and low bone mineral density (BMD) as a consequence of an inadequate peak bone mass in adolescence and bone loss in young adulthoodThe vitamin D status with its implications for bone health in patients affected by AN has only been examined previously in small studies Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and test the hypothesis that patients with AN and vitamin D deficiency might have worse bone metabolism and lower bone density as compared with AN with adequate vitamin D repletion Design: We analysed the vitamin D status and bone metabolism in a large cohort (n=89) of untreated patients affected by AN, with amenorrhoea Results: Vitamin D deficiency is widespread in untreated patients with AN: 16.9% had 25OH vitamin D levels below 12ng/ml, 36% below 20ng/ml and 58.4% below 30ng/mlPTH values were higher and BMD at both femoral sites were lower in patients with vitamin D<20ng/mlProgressively higher values of BMD were observed by 4 ranks of 25 OH vitamin D values (severe deficiency: <12ng/ml, deficiency: ≥12ng/ml and <20ng/ml, insufficiency: ≥20 and <30ng/ml and normal: ≥30ng/ml)In patients with severe vitamin D deficiency BMD at the hip were significantly lower than that measured in groups with values over 20ng/ml (p<0.001 for trend)The level of significance did not change for values adjusted for BMI or body weight Conclusion: We found a strong relationship between vitamin D status and hip BMD values with additional benefits for those with 25OHD levels above 20ng/mlOur results support the design of a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial on the effect of vitamin D on BMD in patients with ANThe second point, whether 25OHD should be above 20 or 30ng/ml remains a discussion point.
2015
78
212
215
Strong relationship between vitamin D status and bone mineral density in anorexia nervosa / Gatti, D.; El Ghoch, M.; Viapiana, O.; Ruocco, A.; Chignola, E.; Rossini, M.; Giollo, A.; Idolazzi, L.; Adami, S.; Dalle Grave, R.. - In: BONE. - ISSN 8756-3282. - 78:(2015), pp. 212-215. [10.1016/j.bone.2015.05.014]
Gatti, D.; El Ghoch, M.; Viapiana, O.; Ruocco, A.; Chignola, E.; Rossini, M.; Giollo, A.; Idolazzi, L.; Adami, S.; Dalle Grave, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1339534
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