Introduction: Neonatal seizures (NS) are the most common neurological emergency in the neonatal period. The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) proposed a new classification of NS based on semiology and highlighted the correlation between semiology and aetiology. However, neurodevelopmental outcomes have not been comprehensively evaluated based on this new classification. Aims: To evaluate neurodevelopmental outcomes and potential risk factors for severe outcomes in NS. Methods: Patients with video electroencephalogram confirmed NS were evaluated. Seizure aetiology, cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data, background electroencephalograms data, general movements, and neurodevelopmental outcomes were analysed. Severe outcomes were one of the following: death, cerebral palsy, Griffiths developmental quotient <70, epilepsy, deafness, or blindness. Results: A total of 74 neonates were evaluated: 62 (83.8 %) with acute provoked NS (primarily hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy), and 12 (16.2 %) with neonatal-onset epilepsies (self-limited neonatal epilepsy, developmental and epileptic encephalopathy, cerebral malformations). Of these, 32 (43.2 %) had electrographic seizures, while 42 (56.7 %) had electroclinical seizures – 38 (90.5 %) were motor (42.1 % clonic) and 4 (9.5 %) were non-motor phenomena. Severe outcomes occurred in 33 of the 74 (44.6 %) participants. In multivariate analysis, neonatal-onset epilepsies (odds ratio [OR]: 1.3; 95 % confidence interval [CI]: 1.1–1.6), status epilepticus (OR: 5.4; 95 % CI: 1.5–19.9), and abnormal general movements (OR: 3.4; 95 % CI: 1.9–7.6) were associated with severe outcomes. Conclusions: At present, hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy remains the most frequent aetiology of NS. The prognosis of neonatal-onset epilepsies was worse than that of acute provoked NS, and status epilepticus was the most predictive factor for adverse outcomes.

Neurodevelopmental outcome of neonatal seizures: A longitudinal study / Lugli, L.; Bariola, M. C.; Guidotti, I.; Pugliese, M.; Roversi, M. F.; Bedetti, L.; Della Casa Muttini, E.; Miselli, F.; Ori, L.; Lucaccioni, L.; Bertoncelli, N.; Rossi, K.; Crestani, S.; Bergonzini, P.; Iughetti, L.; Ferrari, F.; Berardi, A.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRIC NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 1090-3798. - 49:(2024), pp. 17-26. [10.1016/j.ejpn.2024.01.007]

Neurodevelopmental outcome of neonatal seizures: A longitudinal study

Lugli L.;Bariola M. C.;Guidotti I.;Pugliese M.;Bedetti L.;Miselli F.;Ori L.;Lucaccioni L.;Crestani S.;Iughetti L.;Ferrari F.;Berardi A.
2024

Abstract

Introduction: Neonatal seizures (NS) are the most common neurological emergency in the neonatal period. The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) proposed a new classification of NS based on semiology and highlighted the correlation between semiology and aetiology. However, neurodevelopmental outcomes have not been comprehensively evaluated based on this new classification. Aims: To evaluate neurodevelopmental outcomes and potential risk factors for severe outcomes in NS. Methods: Patients with video electroencephalogram confirmed NS were evaluated. Seizure aetiology, cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data, background electroencephalograms data, general movements, and neurodevelopmental outcomes were analysed. Severe outcomes were one of the following: death, cerebral palsy, Griffiths developmental quotient <70, epilepsy, deafness, or blindness. Results: A total of 74 neonates were evaluated: 62 (83.8 %) with acute provoked NS (primarily hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy), and 12 (16.2 %) with neonatal-onset epilepsies (self-limited neonatal epilepsy, developmental and epileptic encephalopathy, cerebral malformations). Of these, 32 (43.2 %) had electrographic seizures, while 42 (56.7 %) had electroclinical seizures – 38 (90.5 %) were motor (42.1 % clonic) and 4 (9.5 %) were non-motor phenomena. Severe outcomes occurred in 33 of the 74 (44.6 %) participants. In multivariate analysis, neonatal-onset epilepsies (odds ratio [OR]: 1.3; 95 % confidence interval [CI]: 1.1–1.6), status epilepticus (OR: 5.4; 95 % CI: 1.5–19.9), and abnormal general movements (OR: 3.4; 95 % CI: 1.9–7.6) were associated with severe outcomes. Conclusions: At present, hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy remains the most frequent aetiology of NS. The prognosis of neonatal-onset epilepsies was worse than that of acute provoked NS, and status epilepticus was the most predictive factor for adverse outcomes.
2024
49
17
26
Neurodevelopmental outcome of neonatal seizures: A longitudinal study / Lugli, L.; Bariola, M. C.; Guidotti, I.; Pugliese, M.; Roversi, M. F.; Bedetti, L.; Della Casa Muttini, E.; Miselli, F.; Ori, L.; Lucaccioni, L.; Bertoncelli, N.; Rossi, K.; Crestani, S.; Bergonzini, P.; Iughetti, L.; Ferrari, F.; Berardi, A.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRIC NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 1090-3798. - 49:(2024), pp. 17-26. [10.1016/j.ejpn.2024.01.007]
Lugli, L.; Bariola, M. C.; Guidotti, I.; Pugliese, M.; Roversi, M. F.; Bedetti, L.; Della Casa Muttini, E.; Miselli, F.; Ori, L.; Lucaccioni, L.; Bertoncelli, N.; Rossi, K.; Crestani, S.; Bergonzini, P.; Iughetti, L.; Ferrari, F.; Berardi, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1339109
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