We present the results of a Chandra X-ray survey of the eight most massive galaxy clusters at z >1.2 in the South Pole Telescope 2500 deg^2 survey. We combine this sample with previously published Chandra observations of 49 massive X-ray-selected clusters at 0 < z < 0.1 and 90 Sunyaev-Zel’dovich-selected clusters at 0.25 < z < 1.2 to constrain the evolution of the intracluster medium (ICM) over the past ~10 Gyr. We find that the bulk of the ICM has evolved self-similarly over the full redshift range probed here, with the ICM density at r>0.2 R_500 scaling like E(z)^2. In the centers of clusters (r≲ 0.01 R_500), we find significant deviations from self-similarity (n_e \propto E(z)^0.2+/-0.5), consistent with no redshift dependence. When we isolate clusters with overdense cores (I.e., cool cores), we find that the average overdensity profile has not evolved with redshift—that is, cool cores have not changed in size, density, or total mass over the past ~9-10 Gyr. We show that the evolving “cuspiness” of clusters in the X-ray, reported by several previous studies, can be understood in the context of a cool core with fixed properties embedded in a self-similarly evolving cluster. We find no measurable evolution in the X-ray morphology of massive clusters, seemingly in tension with the rapidly rising (with redshift) rate of major mergers predicted by cosmological simulations. We show that these two results can be brought into agreement if we assume that the relaxation time after a merger is proportional to the crossing time, since the latter is proportional to H(z)^-1.

The Remarkable Similarity of Massive Galaxy Clusters from z~0 to z~1.9 / Mcdonald, M.; Allen, S. W.; Bayliss, M.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Brodwin, M.; Bulbul, E.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Forman, W. R.; Hlavacek-Larrondo, J.; Garmire, G. P.; Gaspari, Massimo; Gladders, M. D.; Mantz, A. B.; Murray, S. S.. - In: THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0004-637X. - 843:1(2017), pp. N/A-N/A. [10.3847/1538-4357/aa7740]

The Remarkable Similarity of Massive Galaxy Clusters from z~0 to z~1.9

GASPARI, MASSIMO;
2017

Abstract

We present the results of a Chandra X-ray survey of the eight most massive galaxy clusters at z >1.2 in the South Pole Telescope 2500 deg^2 survey. We combine this sample with previously published Chandra observations of 49 massive X-ray-selected clusters at 0 < z < 0.1 and 90 Sunyaev-Zel’dovich-selected clusters at 0.25 < z < 1.2 to constrain the evolution of the intracluster medium (ICM) over the past ~10 Gyr. We find that the bulk of the ICM has evolved self-similarly over the full redshift range probed here, with the ICM density at r>0.2 R_500 scaling like E(z)^2. In the centers of clusters (r≲ 0.01 R_500), we find significant deviations from self-similarity (n_e \propto E(z)^0.2+/-0.5), consistent with no redshift dependence. When we isolate clusters with overdense cores (I.e., cool cores), we find that the average overdensity profile has not evolved with redshift—that is, cool cores have not changed in size, density, or total mass over the past ~9-10 Gyr. We show that the evolving “cuspiness” of clusters in the X-ray, reported by several previous studies, can be understood in the context of a cool core with fixed properties embedded in a self-similarly evolving cluster. We find no measurable evolution in the X-ray morphology of massive clusters, seemingly in tension with the rapidly rising (with redshift) rate of major mergers predicted by cosmological simulations. We show that these two results can be brought into agreement if we assume that the relaxation time after a merger is proportional to the crossing time, since the latter is proportional to H(z)^-1.
2017
843
1
N/A
N/A
The Remarkable Similarity of Massive Galaxy Clusters from z~0 to z~1.9 / Mcdonald, M.; Allen, S. W.; Bayliss, M.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Brodwin, M.; Bulbul, E.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Forman, W. R.; Hlavacek-Larrondo, J.; Garmire, G. P.; Gaspari, Massimo; Gladders, M. D.; Mantz, A. B.; Murray, S. S.. - In: THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0004-637X. - 843:1(2017), pp. N/A-N/A. [10.3847/1538-4357/aa7740]
Mcdonald, M.; Allen, S. W.; Bayliss, M.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Brodwin, M.; Bulbul, E.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Forman, W. R.; Hlavacek-Larrondo, J.; Garmire, G. P.; Gaspari, Massimo; Gladders, M. D.; Mantz, A. B.; Murray, S. S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1338377
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